What Are The Similarities Between Sparta And Athens

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The political organization of the ancient Greece city-states Sparta and Athens of are very similar to those existing today. Through the following questions we will try to go into detail in what way they were organized and how they worked, who could be part of political life and how they carried it out.

How did people in Athens and Sparta obtain the right to participate in public life and make decisions affecting the community?
In Athens:
From the old Athenian society that was divided only into three large groups "men of the plains" who were rich, the "men of the coast" who were mainly merchants and the "men of the hill" who were the poor in the city of Athens, it was created a system of tribes in which all the citizens of Athens were divided. Ten tribes were created and each tribe had members scattered around Athens, such that each tribe had men from each of the old factions.
The Boule or "legislative council" consisted of 50 councilors from each of the 10 tribes and there was a popular assembly formed by all free Athenian citizens and it was the one that approved or rejected the laws proposed by the council (Brand, n.d.).
In Sparta:
In Sparta there were two kings who were at the same time part of an elder council called Gerousia formed by aristocrats over 60 years, which was designed for 30 members at same time although his designation was for life. This Gerousia had the equivalent degree to the Roman senate.
Along with them, there were 5 magistrates called Ephors,
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