Pantheon and Hagia Sophia Pantheon and Hagia Sophia are two extremely outstanding architectural pieces of their times. They have been built according to the traditions of those particular times. The materials used to built these buildings and the purpose for which they were used are all very important aspects and have been briefly covered in this report. Pantheon The statesman Agrippa built pantheon in 27 B.C. Then it was completely rebuilt by the emperor Hadrian. The Pantheon is remarkable for its size, its construction, and its design. The dome was the largest built until modern times. The present structure was probably originally built as a temple for all the pagan gods. We do hear of it as being a law-court and a reception area for
The Rome’s Pantheon and Greek’s Parthenon are both significant and innovative structures that have influenced the architecture around the world. This essay will describe the style and function of each building as well as the similarities and differences between ancient Greece and Rome in four characters including history, design, usage, and similarity.
The House of the Virgin,  versus a temple for Every Divinity,  built using two completely different construction techniques, both are equal in magnificence. Let’s start by exploring how both temples where constructed. We will begin with the Parthenon, if only because it was built five hundred fifty seven years prior to the Pantheon.
It is important to look at the ancient buildings especially the Pantheon and Hagia Sophia microscopically, these will help us to find out about their similarities and differences as two ancient buildings transformed the architectural industry in Ancient Rome and Turkey. To start with, it is important to arrive at what the Pantheon and Hagia Sophia are;
Early Christian architecture at Rome was influenced by Roman. This building hardly not at all the architecture worth of the style simply because it was never clearly generate by the answer of constructive problems. Early Christian building picks up from where the Roman left off and was based mainly on the currently Roman public building known as the basilica. Early Christian churches modeled on Roman basilicas, use old columns which by many devices were bought to a uniform height. Basilican church is the role model in Roman basilica. The purpose of church is shelter worshippers and it unlike Greek and Roman temples which shield gods. The interior of the churches came in complex, with cathedral, belfry or campanile and baptistery.
For some, when they think of the word art, they’ll firstly think of paintings, drawings or even sculptures. Throughout history, artists have produced thousands of the mentioned types of artistic work. Another type of artistic work to include is architecture. From the Dome of Florence Cathedral, to the Palace of Versailles, architecture is diverse in both its style and looks, as well as its purpose, whether it’s to serve as a theatre, museum, or just a place to house those of a higher status. One particular structure to talk about is St. Peter’s Basilica. Located within Vatican City, Rome, it began construction in 1506 and ended in 1626. Requiring various Italian architects to contribute to its construction, St. Peter’s Basilica is said to be the most prominent of Renaissance architecture. Architecture, just like other works of art, come in various styles, and when compared to others, one questions the purpose and reason behind such design choice, especially when multiple Architects contribute to it.
My compare and contrast will be on the Basilica of St. Sernin in Toulouse and one of the most famous Islamic sites, the Dome of the Rock. I will be comparing what similarities and what differences these two great buildings have to one another.
The Greek sanctuary rose as the model place of worship ever. Dissimilar to the Egyptians, the Greeks put their dividers inside to ensure the cella and their segments all things considered, where they could express outside space. Maybe interestingly, the overriding concern is for the building seen as a wonderful question remotely, while in the meantime containing valuable and sacrosanct internal space. Greek designers have been commended for not pounding the viewer with over monumentality; yet they thought that it was suitable to construct sanctuaries on essentially the same topic running in size from the little Temple of Nike Apteros (427-424 BC) of around 6 by 9 m (around 20 by 30 ft) on the Athens Acropolis to the huge Temple of Zeus (500? BC) at Agrigento in Sicily, which secured more than 1 hectare (more than 2 sections of land). The Greeks sometimes masterminded their landmarks
Architecturally, societally and religiously, the Parthenon of Athens and the Pantheon of Rome share many similarities and some important differences. Fortunately, these wonders of the ancient world have survived to give us some idea of their construction and use.
Historical buildings play an important role in describing the social and cultural beliefs and values of a place of its establishment. People visiting the historic buildings are able to develop a proper insight into the community beliefs and practices that exist at the time of construction of a building (DuTemple, 2003). In this context, the present essay examines and evaluates the way in which the architectural building of ‘The Colosseum’ describes the societal and cultural values of Rome. In addition to this, the essay also demonstrates the technical and spatial features of the buildings and illustrates the way through the building is able to develop a language of classical architecture in Rome. The thesis statement of the present essay can be stated as ‘The extent to which the architectural building of ‘The Colosseum’ in Rome depicts the cultural and societal values and principles practiced in Ancient Roman Society’.
Greek and Roman architecture is truly amazing. They each had great ideas, and fabulous productions. It is said that the Pantheon is to Italy what the Parthenon is to Greece. Both are tremendous monuments that reek of culture and history. Each had a purpose which was displayed by the design and construction of each. There are such great meanings behind each of these architecural structures. The Romans and the Greeks alike worshipped and dedicated their structures and designs to the Gods and Goddess they believed in.
Towards the city’s heavily trafficked center the Roman Forum was constructed for convenient easy access of all the citizens. The foreground of the forum was occupied by a paved square with monuments to famous citizens. The temple to the Divine Julius, dedicated in 29 BCE to the deified Caesar, built in a Hellenistic style, is located in the background on the left; to the right is the temple of Vesta and the house of the Vestal Virgins, guardians of the everlasting flame; further to the right is the temple of the Dioscuri, Castor and Pollux dedicated in 6 CE Here the office of weights and measures was situated. The podiums of the temples of Caesar and the Dioscuri were often used as orators' platforms and it is in this part of the Forum that the meetings of the comitia took place. On the far right is the Basilica Julia built by Caesar. Its long façade occupies the entire south side of the Forum. (Owens, 154) Semi-circular in plan and having consisted of a tall stage building, theaters were a semi-circular orchestra and tiered seating area. Unlike Greek theatres, which were built on natural slopes, they were supported by their own framework of piers and vaults and so could be built anywhere and not where nature dictated. Amphitheatres (literally, ‘double theatres’) were elliptical in plan; with a central areana. (Bowra, 38)
Ancient Rome is one of the greatest and most influential societies in the history of the world. From the basic rules of how the Roman Empire is set up to the infrastructures in the city, the strict hierarchy of Roman social structure can be reflected clearly all over the whole ancient Rome. In fact that “public architecture presents people with the official view of a society and provides the background against which its individual markers live their lives.”1 With the great desire of Roman for entertainment and their special taste for blood, the amphitheatre is considered as the most popular and most representative type of the entertainment building in the ancient Roman culture. And
To make travel easier, the Romans built roads which would aide the travel between villas and the city and the city’s baths were located south-east of town. Temples and their Doric architecture existed throughout Rome, her colonies and provinces and was used for the worship of Roman gods. Unlike temples, basilicas were situated in the center of town and was used as meeting halls, as well as conducting administrative