preview

What Are The Three Classifications Of A Crime According To Its Severity

Better Essays
Review Questions
1. What are the three classifications of a crime according to its severity?
The smallest legal infractions, such as traffic tickets, are violations. Crimes that are punishable but less severe, like public intoxication, are called misdemeanors and are corrected with a monetary fine or up to a year in jail. Crimes that are more serious in nature, such as murder, are felonies and are punishable by a year or more in prison.
2. What is the difference between principals in the first degree and principals in the second?
Principles in the first degree are the ones who are directly responsible for planning and executing the crime. A principal in the second degree id one who was present when the crime was committed, but didn’t fully participate in the main crime, such as a get-away driver.
3. What are the five elements of crime, both straightforward and complex?
Straightforward crimes consist of three elements: (1) actus reus, the act of the crime, (2) mens rea, the intent of the crime, and (3) concurrence, the melding of physical and mental elements of the crime. Complex crimes consist of these three elements, plus two: (4) causation, the act that sets a harmful event into place, and (5) harm, the physical or mental injury of the victim.
4. What are the possible causes of crime—what schools or theories?
Researchers have identified biological components, psychological facts, and economic or social factors that are all possible causes of crime. Studies have shown
Get Access