What Are The Three Dominant Philosophical Schools Of Nursing

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Dominant Philosophical Schools of Thought in Nursing

Dominant Philosophical Schools of Thought in Nursing
Modern science is currently dominated by three scientific philosophies, worldviews, or paradigms. The three dominant philosophies include empiricism, rationalism, and phenomenology/human science. Empiricism and rationalism are regularly referred to as received view while related worldviews and phenomenology/ human science are always termed as perceived view (McEwen & Wills, 2014). The two models dominated research and theoretical discussion in the nursing practice during the 1990s. Currently, attention has shifted on another dominant paradigm known as postmodernism view. Postmodernism attempts to integrate
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Equally, the received view is the label for experiential positivism, which combines the objectives of empiricism with logic in the scientific theories’ development. The received view denotes a set of notions that have not yet been challenged (McEwen & Wills, 2014). On the other hand, the received view has various weaknesses when analyzing nursing as a science. According to the received view, science is seen as a value free where ethical considerations and traditional metaphysics are regarded as relatively insignificant. As such, nursing’s growth in theoretical advancement which has depended on the received view has made the progress to be slow. The received view ignores the underlying problems, and their causes by treating the symptoms. This has made nurses to struggle in creating meaningful theories as well as achieve its objectives of becoming a scientific…show more content…
Currently, these constructions establish the care nurses give as well as govern their general nursing philosophy. In essence, postmodernism recognizes the significance of scientific methods and science as well as permits the use numerous meanings of reality in nursing. Similarly, postmodernism allows and recognizes the value of various ways of interpreting and knowing reality (McEwen & Wills, 2014). According to postmodernism view, knowledge is perceived as contextual, relative, and uncertain. Knowledge improvement moves from concentration on identifying a fact or truth in research to ascertaining practical relevance and significance of research findings (McEwen & Wills,
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