What Are The Three Theoretical Approach

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To conceptualize, choose, and use effectively a distinct theoretical approach, a therapist really needs to conceptualize change, define his values, and articulate their core beliefs about other people. It's good to be exposed to a variety of theories in order to have a solid base when working with clients. After all, a theory provides the counselor with a framework that they can use to explore the counseling process, the client’s problems, and to measure progress. The various forms of counselling can sometimes be confusing. In this essay I will discuss three types of counselling approaches (The Psychodynamic Approach, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and The Person Centered Approach) by means of comparing and contrasting them with reference to…show more content…
Cognitive behavioural therapy operates on the assumption that what people believe influences how they act and feel” (Corey G, 2012).
CBT is a relatively young model and theory. What we know as CBT, began in the 1950's with Albert Ellis's Rational Emotive Behavioural approach to therapy (Dobson, 2001). Albert Ellis can be referred to as the grandfather of cognitive therapy. Ellis was the first to connect the impact of thoughts as they relate to behaviours when he published in 1962, Reason and Emotion in Psychotherapy (Walsh, 2010). Ellis's work asserted that an individual's underlying thinking about him or herself directly affected his/her behaviour, and as a therapist, his goal was to help the client become more reasonable in thought, and ultimately in the followed behaviours. This led Ellis to develop a different type of therapy, called Rational Emotive Behavioural Therapy (REBT). His approach was fine-tuned over the years and focused on many realms such as social, psychological, biological and philosophical domains (334. Sharf, 2012). He believed that problems in these domains created psychological dysfunction and disturbances in
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The event does not cause the disturbance, the disturbance is caused by how one views the event. One will think that if they could change the event, their feelings will change and they will feel better. They believe this and only this could solve their problems (Corey G, 2005). They feel removing the negative event will help them achieve pleasurable stimulation. CBT has six phases: Assessment or psychological assessment; Reconceptualization; Skills acquisition; Skills consolidation and application training; Generalization and maintenance; Post-treatment assessment follow-up (Gatchel & Rollings, 2008). According to a 2004 review by INSERM, cognitive behavioral therapy proved or presumed to be an effective treatment of many mental disorders. According to the study, those mental disorders included but were not limited to; anorexia, schizophrenia, personality disorders depression, panic disorder, alcohol dependency, anxiety disorders, bulimia, bipolar disorder and post-traumatic stress (Centre, 2000). CBT notes that changing the way of thinking will result in a change in behavior. Nowadays more emphasis has been put on changing the thinking to maladaptive thinking instead of changing the thinking by itself. Therapists use CBT techniques to make individuals become self-aware and to challenge their way of thinking. They challenge them to be more open and aware
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