The American Civil War occurred between April 12, 1861, and May 9, 1865, and began due to the long-standing controversy of slavery in the country. Shortly after Abraham Lincoln took office, Confederates attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina, and among the 34 U.S. states seven Southern slave states succeeded from the United States. More states seceded and the Confederacy grew up to eleven slave states. This split the country between the Union in the Northern states, and the Confederate States of America in the Southern states. One big disagreement many Americans have today is whether slaves rights was the cause of the Civil War or not. Charles B. Dew believes the Civil War was fought over slavery, using speeches and public letters of 41 white southerners who were commissioners and appealed to their audience the ideas of the preservation of slavery and white supremacy as his evidence. Gary W. Gallagher believes that the Civil War was not fought over slavery, and the main goal for Northerners was to preserve the Union, using letters of white Northern soldiers that do not show much concern for black people as his evidence. Frederick Douglass’s statement, “The cry of Free Men was raised, not for the extension of liberty to the black man, but for the protection of the liberty of the white” is valid because the Civil War was not fought for the equality of black people, African Americans were treated very poorly after the Civil War and the emancipation proclamation was passed for
Document B is a journal entry from a man named Charles Mackay on his experience in the North. It gives us what blacks should be able to do and what restriction the had. According to Doc B, “We shall not make a black man a slave; we shall not buy or sell him; but we shall not associate with him”. This document tells us what rights black’s should have and what restrictions they could have.
Slavery existed heavily in the South by the 1700’s. What started out with indentured servants, quickly but slowly, became slavery in a more brutal and disheartening way. European colonists turned to slavery because for every one indentured servant there were 17 slaves. (Chapter 2, page 46) This made it easier for European colonists to be able to replace slaves rather than waiting for indentured servants. Also, during Bacon’s Rebellion, Europeans quickly learned that servants were dangerous, because they had a right to fight back. Servants expected to be free within seven years in exchange for working the Europeans land. This also created the image that slaves would be easier to control simply because they had nothing to look forward to, once a slave always a slave. Once the Virginia slave law came out, it initially separated blacks and whites by skin color thus beginning the road to the new definition of “race.” In the south, slavery was in higher demand due to the increase of land to grow crops, indigo and tobacco. The more land you had, the more slaves you needed to pick and grow these crops which increased your money value.
With increased education and European ideals bleeding over to America people started to change and see that everyone, blacks, and whites, were the same and following the Christian ideals of the time saw that slavery of another person, not the property was wrong.
In such inhumane conditions, a nation managed to justify the hell that it put Blacks through. How is it humane to enslave a person yet inhumane for the death penalty to be practiced? Living on a double standard, a nation built on civil rights has managed to justify this hell. In such harsh times, the South was frowned upon for slavery. The North was hypocrites for this accusation. Slavery was justified in the South. Throughout the world, one group subjugated another. With these reasons and lies from the opinion that wants to be heard; a nation is able to justify slavery.
Slavery in North America first began when the first African slaves arrived in the American colony of Jamestown in 1619. They were first used to aid in the production of the American “cash crop” tobacco. From that point, white land owners depended greatly on the work of slaves. This did not seem an issue at the time but as more people came over to the Americas and more people developed their own ideas of freedom, a silent war broke within the country. The first great schism, the first act of cold war, was the 3/5 Compromise in which it was decided that an African servant was only counted as 3/5 of a person and therefore did not have a strong presence within the government . This was implemented in 1787, long before talk of Civil War would begin. Fast forward three decades, another rift began to spread across America. The Missouri Compromise. At this point in time, slavery was a hot topic. More people spoke openly about their opinions on the topic and that was met with opposition. With the expansion of American territory, there was the decision of if slavery would be allowed or not in the new territories. Missouri was brought into the nation as a slave state while Maine entered as a free state. The compromise on this though, was that “no slave state shall enter into the Union above the 36 30’ line” . It was James Monroe to sign this bill into effect. In another three decades, the Compromise of 1850 would wipe out all evidence of the Missouri Compromise. 1850 had five major
The Civil War was started by many events that proved to served sectional tensions, where the Kansas-Nebraska Act proved the tensions that had failed to be resolved. Northerners became more opposed to slavery, whether for moral or economic reasons, while Southerners became more united in their defense of slavery as an institution. Different ideas over slavery were shared. This caused sectional tensions and as the North and the South were trying to come with a consensus of what to do, things became more intense. Political sectionalism occurred because of certain events happening throughout the government. The repeal of the Missouri Compromise, which was followed by the Kansas Nebraska Act was a main cause in the lead of Civil War. Since the Kansas-Nebraska Act effectively repealed the Missouri Compromise, tensions regarding the issue and stance of slavery became more debated throughout the country. As the North and the South became increasingly different, their goals and desires separated as well. Arguments over national policy became more aggressive. Between the 1840s and 1850s, both the North and South evolved extreme positions that had as much to do with serving their own political interests as with the morality of slavery. As long as there were an equal number of slave-holding states in the South as non slaveholding states in the North, the two regions had even representation in the Senate and neither would dictate to the other. However, each new territory that applied for statehood threatened to upset this balance of power. Southerners consistently argued for states rights and a weak federal government, but it was not until the 1850s that the issue of secession was raised. Southerners argued that having the Constitution ratified and having agreed to join the new nation in the late 1780s, that they would retain the power to cancel the agreement. There were controversial attempts at a solution that included legal compromises and debates such as the Compromise of 1850, the Kansas-Nebraska Act in 1854, and the Lincoln-Douglas Debates in 1858. However, Southerners felt that the laws favored the Northern economy and were designed to impede the South. Although, the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 which was in favor of
Black people living in the Deep South were free from enslavement after the Civil War, however innumerable obstacles existed that prevented them from enjoying their rights as citizens. Blackness was criminalized through the 'black codes' - laws that incarcerated black people for simply being unemployed, living off the land, or voting. Meanwhile it was prohibited for blacks to testify against white people in court, serve on juries, or seek employed in any industry other than agriculture. These obstacles infringed on the legal and human rights of black people in the Deep South,
If we go through each term of The Black Codes, we can see the law almost prevented freedom of black people (who they were call “negro”). The Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 of President Lincoln granted slave with some rights, but actually these rights were very limited. For instance, section 2 states every nergo was not allowed to be outside of their house after 10pm or they would receive a fine. Section 3 states slaves were not allowed owning
Throughout history, African Americans both free and enslaved were not treated equally nor permitted with the same rights as white men. African Americans were enslaved and not allowed to vote or hold public office. Since the 15th century, African Americans have been treated less than human, some even experienced brutal punished for justifiable mistakes. The use of African American slave labor was an enormous contribution to agriculture and labor. It became a part of southern state’s economy within America. Additionally, African Americans were forced or born into slavery where they endured harsh working conditions with zero pay and often times were punished by their masters. Even slaves that became emancipated or paid for their freedom were also treated differently than whites. Notably, blacks did not have the same privileges as whites and were forced to carry a “freedom card” wherever they went. Failing to do so would lead to severe consequences, such as being forced back into slavery. Once African Americans were considered free, they faced additional discriminations such as not being able to vote or serve as a figure in public office. Due to this and additional factors, African Americans were almost entirely incapable of defending themselves against whites. Since the start of the 17th century, African Americans, free and enslaved were punished for their skin color and were considered the lowest scale by not being allowed to the same opportunities and rights and white men.
Laws made for slaves were known as “Slave Codes”. This was required in all southern states to have a set of Slave Codes. States either made up their own codes or copied from another state. Such laws as “The slaves owe to his master and all of his family total respect and absolute obedience. He must instantly obey all orders he receives from them.”, and “No slave can own anything of his own without consent of the master. No slave can sell anything he has made without the master’s consent.”. These laws being set in place insured for the whites that basically no African-American slave has rights.
American society has a several ethnic group mixed together in one country. Many People immigrate from their country into America to achieve things aren 't exist their country, Like better life, job opportunities education, and freedom. One of these ethnic groups is Nigerian who is living in America. they had come to U.S long time ago by different ways. First, they brought America as slaves. and second they immigrate into U.S to change their life from bad to better.
Back then, slavery was one of the causes for the civil war was impacted because of the laws and societal norms on slavery. The North and South ended up having half of the states be antislavery and the other half for slavery making it undecidable between them. Ending up affecting everyone especially on social life, economy and etc. Not to mention, slavery was something which damaged their reputation on how they were looked upon from the whites. Some attempted to help with the problem and others didn’t want the problem to be resolved because it helped their economy and other needs. In addition, prohibited lots of things, luckily changed, giving some hope for everyone. Not everyone was able to have what they wanted between the states, except the
The fact that slavery was spreading at the same rate as the country was spreading west, created the idea of of a “conspiracy” that the country wanted this to happen. It had all started with the event of the Missouri Compromise (1820) which was the first event that showed a sign of slavery spreading west. The whole debate of this was whether Missouri should be permitted within the Union as a slave state. The reason why the south wanted Missouri as a slave state was to gain equal power within the senate, if it were to be permitted as a free state it would create unequal votes making the south the minority within congress. The end conclusion was the (36*30) where it divided the north from the south, where anything above it would be free and
In 1850, the quality of African American people’s lives depended largely on whether they lived in the Northern or Southern states. States in the North had all ended slavery by then, so black people who lived in those states lived free. But, in the South, slavery was common. Most slaves worked on large farms called plantations, growing the South’s primary crop - cotton. In the 1850s, the South was producing 4 million bales of cotton a year, the vast majority of which was produced using slave labor. All of this cotton brought wealth to the South. In fact, if the South was treated as its own nation in 1850, it would have been the 4th richest nation in the world. The economy depended on cotton, and therefore slaves.