What Are Three Stages of Child Development

3389 Words Jun 29th, 2011 14 Pages
What are the three stages of child development Write two paragraphs on each of the two sub-phases of the first stage 0 to 6 years.
Child development refers to the biological and psychological and emotional changes that occur in human beings between birth and the end of adolescence, as the individual progresses from dependency to increasing autonomy. Because these developmental changes may be strongly influenced by genetic factors and events during prenatal life, genetics and prenatal development are usually included as part of the study of child development. Related terms include developmental psychology, referring to development throughout the lifespan, and
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| Excessive crying; eating, and/or sleeping problems | Consistent response to needs, consistent schedule, and lots of holding and hugging. | INFANTS (6-18 MONTHS) | To establish an attachment bond with parents | At around 6-9 months, child normally shows separation anxiety and stranger anxiety (which are healthy signs of attachment). Child may show distress in leaving primary caregiver to go with any other person (including the other loving parent!) | Crying, clinging, fear of being away from parent | Consistency of schedule, Important | TODDLERS (18 MOS. - 3 YRS.) | To develop a sense of independence, autonomy, and a sense of self as separate from parents | Child "test limits" constantly in true "terrible twos" fashion. It is normal to be non-compliant, uncooperative and self-centered. Tests out personal power and separateness. | Irritability and anxiety. Excessive fears and worries. Regression to earlier behaviors. Fear of separation, clinginess, and asking for absent parent.
Predictable and safe environment. Clearly defined and enforced limits (which help child feel safe and secure!) Firm, fair, and consistent parenting. | Very consistent and predictable schedule. | PRE-SCHOOLERS (3-6 YRS.) | To learn to take initiative, control impulses, interact and play cooperatively with peers, and begin socialization. | Focus is on social roles and on mimicking adult behaviors. Stage of nightmares, invented monsters, vivid