What Are the Main Features of Taylor’s Approach to ‘Scientific Management’, and What Criticisms Have Been Made of It? Do Firms Use Scientific Management Today?

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What are the main features of Taylor’s approach to ‘Scientific Management’, and what criticisms have been made of it? Do firms use Scientific Management today? Frederick Winslow Taylor, a mechanical engineer, developed a theory called 'Scientific Management' where he believed making people work as hard as they could was not as efficient as optimising the way the work was done. His arguments began from his observation that, in general, workers in repetitive jobs work at the slowest rate that they can get away with. This slow rate of work was described as 'soldiering' by Taylor. So, traditional and rules of thumb should be replaced by precise procedures developed after careful study of an individual at work to maximise productivity.…show more content…
A definite aim is another main feature of scientific management because its the process of organising, directing and controlling human activities; thus this links back to the principle of allocation of roles; i.e. managers must plan and aim to achieve their goals and there must be set of rules with the aid plan so that the objectives can be achieved. According to F.W. Taylor, It is no single element but rather the whole combination that constitutes the scientific management. Taylor’s principles of scientific management derive from the positivistic paradigm. Positivism attempts to view the world rationally, free of subjective values, applying logic and reductionism to the process of determining cause and effect.While Taylor's theories show to be logical, they fail to account for some diffculties; It ignores individual differences: the most efficient way of working for one person may be inefficient for another and it ignores the fact that the economic interests of workers and management are rarely identical. Although both of these issues were recognised by Taylor, but neither were offered solutions for, and the drawback is that managers who are only concerned about the efficiency and productivity, would not take these issues in to full consideration. Taylor believed that scientific management cannot work until the worker benefits

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