What Are the Major Issues That Cause Inner City Youth to Join Gangs and Become Delinquent? Discuss Whether the New Labour Government’s Policies Have Been Effective in Solving These Issues?
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SOCIAL POLICY PROJECT
Question: What are the major issues that cause inner city youth to join gangs and become delinquent? Discuss whether the New Labour Government’s policies have been effective in solving these issues?
Project by: Alice Mutumba
Student No: 05038460
The perception that gang culture in relation to youth crime is growing in the UK is intensified by the media, it is very rare to read a daily paper these days without coming across some mention of gang related crime. In order to understand why some of the young people living in the global city join gangs it is important to have a clear definition of what a gang is and to also investigate the role of the media…show more content… value of property stolen, physical and emotional impact) but also the costs of responding to it e.g. cost of the criminal justice system. The Home Office analysis suggests that an individual offender might cost the tax payer on average of £300,000 to get through the system. It is estimated that young people aged 10- 16 years are responsible for around 25 per cent of crime, thus a total cost in the region of £6bn is spent per year on fighting youth crime (including crime against business and the public sector). (Data taken from the YAP impact assessment on the Home office website cited 15/12/09)
1.3 New Labour ‘Tough on Crime’
The way in which young people are represented and understood in relation to crime has changed rapidly over the last century, undoubtedly the biggest change came about after the moral panic caused by the murder of the toddler James Bulger by two 10-year-old boys in February 1993. Since then youth crime in general has been at the centre of public, media and government scrutiny.
Not wanting to appear soft on crime Tony Blair as shadow home secretary in 1993 declared that Labour would be "tough on crime and tough on the causes of crime". He laid down the contours of New Labour's so called 'respect agenda'. In which he differentiated between what he called the 'law-abiding majority' and the 'unruly minority'. Thus there has been no surprise that under the New Labour Government young people have become subject to