What Causes Crime?

2748 Words Jun 19th, 2018 11 Pages
The industrial age brought with it the birth of a dream, competition lead the world into a new era and America was at the forefront. The lucrative markets offered a new way of life for anyone willing to work hard and the era was filled with revolutionary creations to make life more comfortable. As a result many people flocked to the cities from their once segregated communities in hopes to find work and live the dream but expectations were not achievable for all. The inner cities quickly became overcrowded with people of different cultural backgrounds forced to live and assimilate with one another bringing about a break in the order of human life, this is where the social roots of crime would be discovered and Chicago sat center stage. It …show more content…
Sutherland was also a believer in social organization as a means toward criminal behavior adding to Shaw and McKay’s disorganization theory developed a list of stages of how crime was “culturally transmitted” a learned process that is developed over time and through their associations their would also later inspire control and social bond theories (Lilly et al., 2011). Akers social learning also contributed to the movement away from pathological tendencies and helped to validate social structures as a means to criminal behavior finding that various interactions could create conditions that either would support or undermine conformity. (Akers, & Sellers, 2013).
Still situated in social and cultural influence studies would extend both its scope and parsimony view to the importance to subcultures. Cultural deviance was an influencing contributor to how people learned to be deviant; Miller suggested that different socioeconomic classes worked to cultivate a specific lifestyle. The upper and middle class were seen as a class situated in hard work, sacrifice and who would delay the fruits of their
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