What Did The Choice Of Nation Building And Reconciliation Help South Africa Avoid A Pending Civil War?

1502 Words May 26th, 2016 7 Pages
‘To what extent did the choice of nation-building and reconciliation help South Africa avoid a pending civil war from 1990-1994’

INTRODUCTION
The early 1990s in South Africa marked the start of a process leading to the official end of an oppressive and discriminatory apartheid regime. The period was characterised by sporadic bouts of political intolerance and indecisiveness leading to clear moments of political frustration between the opposition (the minority parties like National Party, AWB, Freedom Front Plus) and the liberation forces (African National Congress (ANC) the Pan African Congress (PAC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP)),and at times, violence and bloodshed. The commitment to ending this political strife paved way for compromises aimed at reconciling previously hard-lined political positions. The common denominator for all parties was a peaceful resolution of differences and normalisation of the socio-political economic situation of the country. The continued negotiations process and efforts towards reconciliation also provided an opportunity for successful nation-building. However, the violence and bloodshed was a critical catalyst in facilitating the transition towards a more inclusive and democratic South Africa. The road to a democratic South Africa has not been an easy one, the choice of nation building and reconciliation helped South Africa avoid an impending civil war, to a great extent as it has proven to us that the urgency and need for…

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