What Does Thomas Aquinas Say About The Nature Of Evil

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Thomas Aquinas is most well known for his moral philosophy and theological writings. Aquinas did not believe that philosophical reasoning can provide a complete account of divine nature, however it is a source of divine truth and helpful for absolving the credibility of the Christian faith doctrines. From this perspective, philosophical reasoning, can be a tool in the service of theology.
Based upon Aristotle’s principles, Thomas Aquinas assumes that one’s will is free and that this freedom is based in the nature of existing reality and the human psyche. His perspective of Christianity sees the utilization and development of free will as an essential and important part of human perfection. St. Thomas believes that, God created us all in
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Thomas Aquinas interprets evil similarly to Aristotle, as a cause and effect or potency and act. He sees it as everything has a meaning and purpose particular to its own good, implying the absence of some good. God created Existence and therefore it must be good, evil exist in a world that God created as a deprivation of some good. In other words, evil is dependant upon good to manifest itself as lack. It is a necessary part of humans achieving God’s will, perfection, because it is the obstacle that force us to strengthen our wills.
In a metaphysical perspective, Thomas Aquinas asserts that the world is better because of evil, because evil serves as a greater good. God has inflicted evil as a punishment as a way to maintain order, evil contributes the the goodness of creation. If the world God created was any different than is currently is (a world with evil) then is would be a different world.
From a natural perspective, evil is the lack of potential. If one is incapable of good then it is bad because they have a disability that is voiding them of
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Aquinas bases this faith in the state on the assumption that humans are predisposed to sociality (similarly to how he assumes nobody intentionally sins).
Aquinas is a statist, however his view of justified state power is not unlimited. The Church is a part of the state, and the collaboration of the two limit one another. This allows moral standards run parallel to state laws, supporting one another. A state cannot be legit unless it’s standards are operated with morals. Nobody is exempt from these moral and lawful obligations, including state officials. Above all St. Thomas believes, it is most important that state power is exercised for the commons good, not for personal greed or
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