What Drives Adult Personality Development?

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Question #1 According to Specht, Bleidorn, Dennisen, Henneck, Huteman, Kandler, Luhmann, Orth, Reitz and Zimmerman’s article (2014) What Drives Adult Personality Development? A Comparison of Theoretical Perspectives and Empirical Evidence In terms of adult personality development, the most prominent perspectives utilize genetic and environmental factors into their models. Some examples of these theories consist of the five factor theory of personality and neo-social analytic theory (Specht et al., 2014). McCray and Costa’s five factor theory focuses on biological maturation and not life experiences (Specht et al., 2014). Meaning that innate biological processes may parallel physical fluctuations experienced in puberty. Many organisms go through stages of crucial development and reproduction events that include sexual and physical maturation (Specht et al., 2014). In turn, McCray and Costa hypothesized that higher levels of Openness to experience and Extraversion are detrimental to finding a mating partner while Conscientiousness and Agreeableness facilitate raising a family (Specht et al., 2014). One of the limitations associated with this theory is that individual differences appear around the age of 30 based on the empirical evidence (Specht et al., 2014). Thus, the empirical data suggest that more changes occur and this theory doesn’t encompass all those changes. This perspective also fails to acknowledge normal ranging common life experiences (Specht et al., 2014).
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