This was a very sharp contrast to the Europeans, whom had for centuries, been the top of their social hierarchy. In Europe, the women had a very relatively primitive, limited role in society. They were not allowed to attend or partake in political affairs, with very few exceptions. Now, on the other hand, in Indian society there was a council of chiefs, whom was all male, but they were appointed by an elder women. Also, during their deliberation over issues, the males made the final decision, but would be expelled from the council, if they didn't conclude to the same decision that the elder woman came to. The women's main job in Indian society, was being in charge of cultivation of, harvest of, and distribution of food. When the men left to go hunting, women were left to run society. The Europeans simply believed that the males were far superior to the family, which is why women could not have jobs, and were left to only clean, cook, and various other household chores.
As a result of these reviews, the ongoing reconstruction of the social status and roles of Hindu women has brought about many new changes in Hinduism. Some of these changes include changes in education, health measures, problems of early marriages, the positions of widows, and the representation of women in governing bodies (Desai, et al., 1995). For example, within Hinduism now,
In Envisioning Women in World History, by Catherine Clay, Chandrika Paul, and Christine Senecal many of the societies treated their women as in superior to men especially in religious cultures. These societies believed that men were superior intellectually and physically restraining women from many experiences. Although the laws that women had to endure became harsher when religion was involved most of the times. Some of the hardships that women before 1500 had to endure were, lack of citizenship in Greece and Rome, arranged marriages, and not being able to leave the house alone. Most women had to go through tougher times then men after the Paleolithic era, but the ones that had the least amount of power were the Muslims. Christian women
The Role of Women in Ancient Mesopotamia Versus Ancient India In current times in America, the role of women and the role of men is about equal. When it comes to home life, it’s just as common for women to go out and work as it is for a man to do it. Women have even run for President. However, in the Harappan society in ancient India, and in Sumerian times in ancient Mesopotamia, the equality and respect of women weren’t as strong as it is today. Regardless, women were respected to a certain level. Overall, the respect of women in ancient India was similar to the respect of women in Mesopotamia because goddesses were seen as powerful, young women were admired, and women were highly regarded for being able to give birth.
The way women have been treated varies throughout time, in some time periods women were oppressed and fighting for rights, in others they were queens. In the ancient societies of Egypt and India, women were treated differently than men, although in different ways. In Egypt, women were still treated with
The Roman woman had a very limited role and they could not attend, speak in, or vote at political meetings. Women were not allowed to hold any position of political responsibility. They were not allowed to voice their opinion in public but in the Greek society, the woman was considered just like an object.
There were different types of rights for different social classes. There was Men, women, slaves, freedmen, soldiers, and conquered people all have different rights and different classes. For example, men have the most rights out of all the people in Rome. As a man, you had all the rights and full citizenship. you could vote and hold public office. This meant you helped chose the leaders of Rome such as the senate. You could also be senate if you were elected. If someone broke the law and it hurt you, you can go to court and get a free and fair trial. Roman citizens were also not allowed to be torchered. Women didn't have quite as many rights as the men in Rome did. As a woman, you could not hold a public office or vote. As always, womans fathers or husband would take care of any legal business such as, a will or a contract. Did you know that when a woman gets married, there property goes to their husband? A woman's main role in society was to raise children. If you were a slave in Rome, you had no rights at all. You might be a slave because you born from a slave, captured in a war, or you were a slave because you were paying a debt. sometimes slaves gained freedom from their masters or they earned enough money to buy their freedom. Lastly, there were soldiers. They served in the army when they were needed. They were not allowed to be married unless they were high ranked officers. They served 25 years in the army and they either
By the end, of the Republic this concept of only male slaves completely change and sex ratio became more equal. In the ancient Roman economy slave men were needed for agriculture, but women were less valuable since few could equal labor of male slaves. Under the peaceful condition of the Principate, warfare subside and incoming slave population diminish, owners were force to turn to female slaves and natural reproduction to maintain slavery in Rome. The Frisii capture Numidians and Thracians and turn over women and children into slavery when they were unable to pay Roman taxes. Under the Republic enslave female and male prisoners of war were both send to the urban and rural area of the empire. Roman generals did not always enslave defeated
women may have been considered property, but they were also acknowledged to be so much more. Women living in the Roman Empire were treated quite differently than the men were. However, that doesn't mean they didn't have an interesting and active life. They were valued for their role in society. In fact, the women in Rome were treated fairly well for that
In society men and women have very difficult roles. Women are seen as burdens and just another mouth to feed, so they are then married off at young age. They are also married at this young age to support their families financially. Women also have little to no opportunities, unlike men. For example, in the movie Narayan speaks about a test he has to take in order to get into the medical field. Women do not get these types of opportunities; they are to stay in the house to cook and look after the children. Women cannot even do little things, like learn how to read. Another example of gender roles is when Chuyia asks what happens to male
Analysis of Example An analysis of example can be derived from the aforementioned discriminatory sexist roles in India that prior to globalization highly favored the male population verses the female population. The female population in India has previously been less than second class citizens. Indian women's cultural roles have been previously defined by traditional customs that are centuries old and no longer apply in this day and age. Previous to globalization, Indian women were to take total domestic responsibility. They were not allowed formal education as the majority of teachers and pupils were male, and the chances of a female remaining chaste was slim in those settings, and related to tradition, females
Women in India could not own property at all until 1937. Even then, women were only granted that right through family inheritance or their marital status. It is still rare for women to be in possession of land despite the number of acts that have passed over the century. From British colonial rule through postcolonial times and even now, women are still having to express their desire for rights that men have like inheritance and ownership. During colonial times, progress was made by simply the idea of women having rights being expressed. It was seen to conflict with the Hindu beliefs and practices, so most of the time rights for women were only written, not actually implemented. Furthermore, the debates were ongoing and over the years as people persisted, bills like the Age of Consent Act of 1891 and the Hindu Succession Bill of 1956 were passed. The reason for all the opposition of reforming Hindu laws was usually due to how much it interfered with Hindu practices and traditional family values. The more rights women received, the less authenticity was left in the Hindu culture therefore being seen as destructive to the Indian, patriarchal society despite the progress made for women (Williams, 2013). This shows that Hindu itself hinders progress from being made for all people and benefits men more than it does women. Simply put, the
This caste system also allows patriarchal rule, which greatly limits the roles of women in, the Indian society.
In Joan Scott’s article Gender: A Useful Category of Historical Analysis, she analyzes the root of gender and its relation to power. Gender is assumed to be directly linked with sex, but Scott asserts that sex and gender are quite distinct; while sex is a biological phenomenon, gender is
MAINTENANCE FOR WIFE AND CHILDREN: Section 125 of the Code of Criminal Procedure Ms Wandaia Syngkon Research Scholar Department of Social Work Assam University Silchar The status of women in India has been subject to many changes over the past millennia, from equal status with men in ancient times through the low points of the medieval period. As the Medieval period in history approached, the Indian women started declining in status for a variety of reasons. Important scriptures started promoting the idea that women were inferior to men, and could not be trusted to have their own freedom. Foreign invasions and wars also could have influenced the set back of women through danger, and the influx of new ideas about women 's status. Following