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What Forces Led Up To War In The Early 1900's

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Although the world seemed at peace in the early 1900’s but world’s powerful forces were pushing Europe towards war. These forces included militarism, alliances, imperialism and nationalism.

Nationalism: is a strong feeling of pride in one’s country and believing that one’s country is better than other country and this aggressive nationalism in the early 1900’s was a source of tension in Europe, which fueled the war. Nationalism was very strong in France and Germany; it unified the Germans, as they were proud of their growing military and industrial strength. While, France wanted to regain its position as a leading European power. Similarly, Russia had encouraged a form of nationalism in Eastern Europe called Pan Slavism. It drew all Slavic people and Russia was the largest Slavic country ready to defend small Serbia. Multinational Austria Hungary opposed Slavic national movements. After Napoleon’s exile to Elba congress of Vienna was held and it tried to solve the problem in Europe. Delegates of Britain, Austria, Russia, and Prussia agreed upon a new Europe whereas Germany and Italy were left as divided states. So there
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During the year 1879 to 1914 many alliances were signed between countries and it meant that the countries were pledged to help each other in war if one of their allies declared war. The details of these alliances is such as:
In 1879 there was an alliance between Austria-Hungary and Germany to protect them from Russia.
Similarly, Austria Hungary made alliance with Serbia to stop Russia from gaining control of Serbia. While, in 1882 Germany and Austria-Hungary had an alliance with Italy to stop taking sides with Russia.
Russia also made an alliance with France against Germany and Austria-Hungary. There was another alliance between Russia, France and Britain to counter the threats from
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