What Happens When A Healthy Sleep Pattern Affects An Individual 's Cognitive Functioning

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There has been an increased concern with the concept of a “good” or “healthy” night sleep in modern society, which has led to a large increase in the amount of epidemiological research, focusing on how a healthy sleep pattern can influence an individual’s cognitive functioning; during their normal day to day lives. There is no question that sleep is a fundamental behaviour and a key aspect of human life, Not only does it “allow us to recharge our run-down bodies and recover from physical and mental fatigue” Hess, (1965), but also is vital for “Normal cognitive and brain function” Benke (2009) in adults and children. However, what happens when a healthy sleep pattern is disrupted due to individual differences? There have been many researchers who have touched upon this area of research, mentioning that individual differences can make an individual more susceptible to sleep disruption. As more research has looked into this area it has become more apparent on the affect they have on a healthy sleep pattern, which in turn, has an effect on day to day cognitive functioning. It is a common misconception that a healthy adult sleep pattern requires around 8 hours of sleep a night for normal cognitive function. Contradictory to this, Monk et. Al (2001) found evidence which disproved this claim as in fact Ferrara, De Gennaro stated “that the basic amount of sleep is only around 6 hours per night” (2001:155). If an adult’s sleep pattern is restricted from this basic amount of sleep,
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