What Individual Factors Have Been Found to Be Related to Criminal Behavior and How Are These Factors Thought to Be Related to Engaging in Crime?

926 WordsJan 26, 20134 Pages
What individual factors have been found to be related to criminal behavior and how are these factors thought to be related to engaging in crime? Russell Davis Specific biological factors have been identified which influence an individual’s propensity to engage in criminal behavior. Fetal development can be altered by the mother’s ingestion of harmful substances such as nicotine, alcohol, and narcotic drugs during pregnancy (Wright et al., 2008), and can result in organ damage, neural cellular damage, attention deficit, and hyperactivity (Karr-Morse & Wiley, 1997) (Day et al., 2002). These factors have been linked to future aggressive behavioral issues (Sood et al., 2001). Brain damage and minor physical…show more content…
One of the most profound indicators of future criminal behavior lies in parenting. There is no greater influence on infants and young children than the parents themselves. However, some parents are simply not equipped to be successful role models for their children. Parents who engage in extreme corporal punishment, neglect to give their children proper supervision, or encourage rather than dissuade certain antisocial attitudes and behaviors can socialize their children in an extremely negative manner (Gottfredson & Hirschi, 1990)(Lahey et al., 1999). Children who are predisposed to irritability or impulsiveness might elicit antisocial responses from ill-equipped parents, possibly even physically abusive. These episodes of abuse will continue to create an environment in which children will display aggressive antisocial behavior and their parents will continue to respond negatively or ignore the child entirely (Collins et al., 2000)(Maccoby & Jacklin, 1983). Negative emotionality and low levels or absence of constraint are personality traits that can be conducive to crime if met with certain environmental cues. If, for example, an individual had traits predisposing aggressive behavior toward others in conjunction with the inability to

More about What Individual Factors Have Been Found to Be Related to Criminal Behavior and How Are These Factors Thought to Be Related to Engaging in Crime?

Open Document