When Carol Meyers wrote, “The Contributions of Archaeology” I believe she was trying to explain how biblical archaeology continues to changed the way we look at the bible in ways we do not think. Due to our technology continuously changing archaeologist finding new ways to date artifacts, one we can not specifically rely on biblical artifacts as sound evidence for biblical stories. But they can in fact help biblical scholars examine and understand the lives of the people during that time period which in return helps one understand the bible.
What archaeologist do is find and examine ancient things. The discovery of ancient artifacts help archaeologist have a better understanding on the cultures of early humans in Europe by examing the artifacts that are found in Europe. By just examing the things they find archaeologist get a little bit of understanding on what early humans in Europe used and what there habbits were.
Archaeology is the most common way to learn about the existence of humans. Many cultures have left written records behind providing information about life for them. The records left behind often tells about wealth, religion, hierarchy, important dates, property ownership and etc. Those records are often written from one person prospective and may not be all true. Understanding the life of past cultures that have no written records is what make archeology important. Archeology gives a voice to the voiceless with the hope of discovering their story.
Anthropology is the study of humans in the past and present. Four subfields encompass anthropology; Archaeology, cultural anthropology, linguistics, and physical anthropology. Archaeology is the study of human cultures in the past through material remains. These material remains include artifacts as well as architecture. Archaeologist can focus in prehistoric, historic, or classical archaeology. Indiana Jones: Raiders of the Lost Ark, is an example of archaeology in film. It is not the best example since Dr. Jones does not carry the correct equipment with him in the field (notebooks, trowel, shovel) nor does he take any notes when removing an artifact from a site. However, the film does portray how an archaeologist would dig in order to recover artifacts, like when Indy and the team find the
Archaeologists are now able to come together with natives and learn about the past as a team, getting more insight into ceremonials, traditions, sacred ritueals, everyday workings, and lifestyles of native peoples. Respecting the grounds and artifacts of these indigenous people is respecting their heritage- our universal heritage. The unfolding of information allows archaeologists to gain perspective on the people and land before the white
Archaeologists learn about people who lived long ago by looking at things people have left behind and those things are buried. So, people can built new homes and towns over those things. They find those things by excavating. They’re careful because they don’t want to break anything so, they’d use special tools to “find things like clothing, bones, and pottery.” They also find parts of a building. They can find out how these things are and tell how ancient people used to live and also might figure out different things that were used. The archaeologist want to study the 5,000-year-old door because they want to know how things worked or looked back then or when they were created or where they’re from. Also, according to Helmut Schlichtherle, a
Over 99% of human history occurred during prehistoric cultures, who had no system of writing or method or chronicling events. This left very little written record or accounts of what transpired that might be studied today. This lack of evidence made it very difficult to learn about previous civilizations and cultures and how they came to be, thrive, and eventually fall. With no written record, we had to rely on archaeology to investigate the whole of human history. While many of our species’ milestones occurred in prehistoric times, it became more and more important for the field of archaeology to advance and be taken seriously. All of this is interesting, but let’s take a look into a specific place and time to expand upon what
Despite Indiana Jones making archaeology out to be nothing more than leather, bullwhips and paranormal activity, it – archaeology – is actually a noble career, fit for the best of the best. In addition to excavating ancient artifacts,
Depending on the methodologies used by the archaeologist, the information can be vital to understanding a site’s archaeology and history, or it can not be helpful at all. In this case, Howard Carter had a set methodology and strategy to excavate King Tutankhamun’s tomb, whereas other archaeologists during his day did not. Because of this, a lot of information is recorded. For example, Carter took photos of the artifacts in situ and mapped out each room before removing any artifacts. He also wrote out cards with observations and details of each artifact. These archives also show the conservation efforts that were made to preserve these objects. Modern archaeological archives sort these older archives and transcribe them, so it is more easily accessible to archaeologists and historians. They can also take new findings and combine it with previous archives to provide a better understanding of the
One such excavation project is located in the Ramat Rahel region of Israel, where scientists have been attempting to set a time period for the terraces that define the agricultural landscape of the area. In order to accurately and efficiently put a date on these pastoral marvels, archaeologists use
Typically, archaeologist examine, recover, and preserve evidence of human activity in past cultures. They analyze human remains and artifacts, such as tools, pottery, cave paintings, and ruins of buildings. They connect the information they found about past environment to learn about the history, culture, and traditions of people in earlier age. However, they do more than just dig and look for ancient things. They are also responsible for protecting, managing, and interpreting archaeological sites. They make sure that construction
At first glance, the study of archaeology may be perceived as the study of ancient artifacts, discovering tombs, or even just treasure hunting. However, archaeology has very large impacts in the world today. Firstly, archaeology is vastly important because it is very relevant to how we understand human history today. The study of archeology is not just important because it contributes to museums and writes history books. Without the work, projects, and excavations conducted by archeologists, we would not have the valuable understanding of past humans and their interactions with the objects, society, and world around them. In addition, many archaeological sites are in developing countries, which could have very positive economic impacts if valuables are found. However, even though there are various constructive aspects of the work and study of archaeology today, there are many controversial arguments about what is to be done with archaeological finds; as well as modern infrastructure projects threatening archeological sites.
One of the most challenging aspects of the evidence there is to work with is the condition of the historical documentation. The benefit of looking at artifacts as historical evidence is that the truth cannot be denied. Written history will always have the possibility of tainted viewpoints, where as artifacts are proof of what life was. The disadvantage of using material culture as historical evidence is that historians must put together and decode broken up clay, stone, wood, and papyrus artifacts. Often times large chunks are missing like in “The Epic of Gilgamesh”. Parts of the story are unknown which forces us to interpret, possibly leading us to false conclusions. Also some languages are indecipherable or do not translate directly to english. Linear A, the main language of the Minoan civilization, is still indecipherable today. Imagine all we could learn if we could unravel the mysterious vernacular. Educated guessing is an important skill one must have if