What Is Catalyhoyuk?

Decent Essays
Catalyhoyuk is the site of a village that existed in central Turkey around 9,000 BP. In the text, Guillermo Algaze is quoted as having called it an “overgrown village,” with a population of about 10,000 people. There is evidence suggesting the people who lived in Catalyhoyuk planted wheat and barley and raised sheep, goats, and cattle (Feder 313). Author of The Past in Perspective, Kenneth L. Feder says architecturally everyone in Catalyhoyuk lived the same. There were no mansions, “no middle-class neighborhoods, and no poor areas.” Archeologists recovered artwork that the Catalyhoyuk people used to decorate the insides of their homes with. They used animal inspired artwork, like leopard pelts or paintings of stags and sometimes, sculptures…show more content…
It is believed to have been built by people from all over Great Britain, based on archaeologists’ analysis of cows’ teeth found near Stonehenge. It is likely that these people travelled to the area specifically to work on the project (Feder 308). Construction on Stonehenge began about 5,000 years ago and was not completed until about 1,500 years later. Stonehenge was built in stages; the first step being to excavate a ditch (Feder 305). Once the ditch was perfectly circular, stones were carried in and arranged. To get some stones on top of others, it is believed a scaffolding and lever system was devised to raise the top stones high enough to be place over the others (Feder 306). The building of Stonehenge involved complicated planning and execution as far as designing it and engineering ways to move the large stones. This is evidence of social complexity because the people responsible were advanced enough to design and create this. Stonehenge also shows evidence of social complexity because elaborate burials suggest it was a place of ritual significance (Feder 308). The Amesbury Archer is the name given to the remains of a man found in what Feder describes as “the most impressive of the graves,” due to his adornment with “gold jewelry, copper knives, and flint tools” (Feder 308-309). Based on analysis of the Amesbury Archer man’s wounded leg and the isotopes in his teeth, archeologists believe Stonehenge may have been a…show more content…
They are in different parts of the world, were occupied by people of different backgrounds, and lastly, one was a village housing many people while the other was a ritual space, and was not lived in per se. While not much can be said about the potential social equality or inequality of Stonehenge, Catalyhoyuk seemed to be a vastly equal society. This is most evidenced by their burials and living arrangements--in which, every person lived in a nearly identical space to the
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