The US Approach in Colombia As the United States is one of the largest drug consumers in the world they view drugs particularly cocaine as a threat to US national security that undermines US economy, value, and identity. With this in mind, the US uses an approach that assumes that if there is no supply then there would be no demand, contradicting the capitalist concept of supply-demand. US drug policy is divided into two groups from policies of control to policies of aid. In Colombia, the United States has been using its political and economic influence mainly through economic assistance since Andean states generally have a weak economy when compared to their counterpart. This approach tends to be overly realistic with policies following the
Colombia is currently working with other countries such as America to try to diminish the drugs presence and popularity, through international laws. Colombia made the possession of one gram of cocaine legal for personal use, but sale and production was made illegal in 1994 in attempt to diminish the trade with America (Marulanda). After Escobar, FARC emerged, Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia- people’s army, which is a guerrilla group fighting Colombia's government. Colombia is currently attempting to make peace with FARC, which includes the problems of trafficking and production of drugs. The Colombian government is also trying to stop farmers from growing cocaine by offering farm owners money and the materials needed to grow other crops besides cocaine (Marulanda). America is pushing for the Colombian government to stop the growth and production of cocaine. America is the largest consumer of cocaine in the world, and Colombia is the largest producer of cocaine in the world. According to the drug administration in the United States, 92 percent of all cocaine that came to America was from Colombia in 2016 (Nacional). Even years after Escobar’s death, Colombia still has a monopoly over the American cocaine market, much to the disdain of the American
The drug dealers have captured a great deal of power in Colombia, and have adopted the position of the government in many instances. The drug trade has ruined the image of Colombia, and has caused the world to forget about the other goods produced in Colombia, like coffee, flowers, oil and gas for instance. As the website put out by the Colombian Government Trade Bureau entitled “Colombia Trade News” states,
Out of the twenty-one Spanish speaking countries, Colombia is one of those. Colombia is located in South America and is bordered by Panama, Venezuela, Brazil, Peru, and Ecuador. The kind of government that Colombia has is a Republic, which their president is Juan Manuel Santos, and the currency they use
Liberalizing drug reforms would be a step in the right direction for Colombia and would seriously burden the cartels (Leff). The drug war is a catalyst that has increased the profits of drug cartels. The illegal nature of narcotics limits supply, allowing the cartels to charge large sums of money for their product. Everytime the authorities fighting the drug war bust a drug deal, the supply currently available goes down, and cartels are able to charge even more for drugs. The system of criminilazation created by the drug war is actually the reason that cartels are so profitable. By driving down prices, the power of drug cartels is limited. The illegality of the drug trade directs its multi-billion-dollar profits go to criminal gangs. The drugs account for the bulk of the gangs’ income and thus their firepower (“Burn”). Legalization benefits drug-producing countries by decreasing the money that cartels can use to buy firearms, 90% of which are sold to them from the United States (Ellingwood et al.). This would allow governments, rather than gangs, to govern the country.
This U.S. support was part of an amplified foreign assistance policy in a shared effort with the government of Colombia to improve local security and combat the rising narcotics market. After a visit to Bogotá in 2000, former director of the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy General Barry McCaffrey, affirmed in a speech to the Atlantic Council of the United States that “with international solidarity and support for Colombia’s broad-based long-term strategy (i.e., Plan Colombia), drug traffickers and terrorist groups can be deprived of their income, drug production will be crippled, and Colombia’s long-suffering people might secure their basic right to earn a legitimate income without fearing for their lives” (McCaffrey, 2000). Plan Colombia bound the government of Colombia to an encompassing goal: “to strengthen the State in order to regain the citizens’ confidence and recuperate the basic norms of peaceful coexistence” (Plan Colombia, 1999: 3).
Historically, the relations between U.S and Colombia have been marked the foreign policy and the international trade. Nevertheless, the civil war in Colombia have shifted this relation. In Colombia, the establishment of The Revolutionary Forces of Colombia (FARC) and the leftist National Liberation Army (ELN) during the 1960s created the beginning of an era of terrorist and drug trafficking. The FARC began forming in 1966 inspired by the Cuban Revolution with a left-wing nationalism and Marxism-Leninism. FARC’s actions trough the history has been involved with terrorist against of the population in Colombia. As well, thousands of peasant farmers that have been obligated to produce illicit drugs in their own properties controlled by the guerrillas. Nowadays, the FARC has been the largest and oldest insurgent group in the Americas. The FARC has been roundly criticized for initiating
Colombia History Colombia was one of the three original countries along with Ecuador and Venezuela that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830. Over the last 40 years, there has been a campaign to overthrow the government partially because of the drug trades throughout Colombia. The movement does however lack support from military and support from the necessary influences. In recent years, there have been challenges for control of the territories throughout Colombia and also for the drug trade.
I. Introduction. During 1980s until 1996, Colombia lived the most dangerous and violence conflicts between the paramilitaries (FARCS), and the drug cartels by Pablo Escobar.
Colombia is the leading exporter of petroleum, coffee, coal, apparel, bananas, and cut flowers. It is rich in minerals and energy. It is the lead producer of emeralds and is the second largest producer of platinum and gold in South America. Colombia is also the World’s largest producer of cocaine. Colombia produced many emeralds. They believed that the gemstones contained special powers such as healing, making one smarter, revealing the truth, and the power to block spells. Colombia is
Colombia is located in the northwest of South America. The current population is estimated to be in the region of 46.73 million with the capital city Bogota being the most populated. The labour force is estimated to be 24.34 million. Colombia’s major resources are oil and coal. The country operates in a representative democracy which attempts to empower the masses. Juan Manuel Santos Calderon is the president; he is currently serving his last term in office
Introduction The Republic of Colombia, located on the northwest corner of South America has a population of approximately 47 million. Colombia gained its independence from Spain in 1830 and became the first constitutional government in South America. Deep political divisions in the 1940’s and 1950’s gave rise to several anti government guerilla groups, such as the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC).
In Colombia trade and export is what sustains the country’s economy during the battle against the Guerrilla forces. The Economy in Colombia continues to rise also their trade and exports have improved over the years. The top exports of Colombia are Crude Petroleum and coal adding up to about (59 percent of total exports). The main trading
Columbia Columbia is historically the most impacted nation of narco-terrorism. Columbia was first declared an independent nation after the fall of Gran Columbia along with Ecuador and Venezuela in 1830. As of July 2011, CIA World Factbook has estimated its population to be about 44,725,543. Columbia has 1,138,910 sq km of land, approximately three times the size of California. However, according to the CIA World Factbook it is estimated that only 2.1% of the land is arable, 1.37% is already used for permanent crops, and the rest of its 96% is used for “other” reasons. According to the 2008 World Drug Report, over 99,000 ha of Columbian land is used for cocaine cultivation. Due to its ongoing civil wars and weak democratic government, Columbia has become a haven for narco-terrorism. Insurgent groups such as the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), National Liberation Army (ELN), and United Self Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC) have been known rely on drug trafficking to carry out bombings, extortion, kidnapping, and assassination.
Colombia is a country that is characterized not only by its natural diversity, but also for its natural resources, geography and multiculturalism. Among the problems faced by the Colombian society, are: drug trafficking, corruption and the lack of education.