Essay about What Is Constructivism

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What Is Constructivism Watching a young child grow from infancy to toddler hood, we marvel at the amount of learning that has allowed her to understand her expanding environment. Those early years provide the basis for language, physical dexterity, social understanding, and emotional development that she will use for the rest of her life. All of this knowledge is acquired before she even sets foot in school! This child has taught herself by gathering information and experiencing the world around her. This is an example of constructivism. Constructivism emphasizes the importance of the knowledge, beliefs, and skills an individual brings to the experience of learning. It recognizes the construction of new understanding as a…show more content…
Many others worked with these ideas as well. Constructivism is a theory about knowledge and learning; it describes what ?knowing? is and how one ?comes to know? (fosnot, 1996, p.ix). ?A basic assumption is that children learn when they are in control of their learning and know that they are in control? (Green & Gredler, 2002, p7). Principles of Learning Constructivism is a theory about learning, not a description of teaching. Learners construct knowledge for themselves. Each learner individually constructs meaning as he or she learns. There are nine general principles of learning that are derived from constructivism. These nine principles are: (1) learning is an active process in which the learner uses sensory input and constructs meaning out of it, (2) people learn to learn as they learn. Learning consists both of constructing meaning and constructing systems of meaning. (3) Physical actions and hands on experience may be necessary for learning, especially for children, but is not sufficient; we need to provide activities which engage the mind as well as the hand. Dewey called this reflective activity. (4) Learning involves language: the language that we use influences our learning. Lev Vygotsky, a psychologist that helped in the theory of constructivism, argued that language and learning are inextricably
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