Essay about What Is Distributive Justice?

5286 Words Feb 7th, 2011 22 Pages
What is Distributive Justice?

Distributive justice is generally referred to as fairness regarding the pattern of distribution among individuals. In order for distributive justice to be met, it is necessary for goods to be distributed fairly or justly. Goods are anything that holds value to any person(s); if something does not have any value then it is not a good. Value is the main requirement for something to be considered a good; therefore, not only physical goods hold value. Thus, such things as labor and medical insurance can be considered a good (Galvin and Lockhart 1182). There are also different principles of distributive justice as interpreted by the different support groups. The first of these principles is the one of strict
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Good rulers were philosophers that were not motivated by competition, but by knowledge (598). Failure to apply this type of government in which philosophers rule would result in the government turning into a certain vice, such as timocracy, oligarchy, democracy, democracy, and tyranny. Plato describes inherent flaws in each of these, and notes that each vice is worse than the one it precedes (601). Plato then mentions people reflect much of the same characteristics as a city, and each person has three souls. The rational soul represents the mind, the spirited soul acts in accordance with the rational soul, and the appetitive soul represents a person’s emotions. Plato believed justice would materialize when all of the elements were working in harmony with one another. He also believed that justice is more appealing than injustice. A person who is just is happier, and the people that are unjust are unhappy. He went as far as to say the more unjust a man is; to more wretched he will be (Sachs 142). Plato also claims that justice is to the human soul what health is to the human body. This was the most criticized part of Plato’s Republic. He stated that everyone wants to be just and live in harmony. Yet, he gives very little proof of this in the Republic, he claims the reason one must lead a just life is because a just life is a happier life (Sachs 142).he argues that one