What Is Federalism

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Assignment 1: What is Federalism? Student: Danny Franco Professor: Tracy Herman POL 110 August 8, 2014 Bose, Dilulio, and Wilson (2013), state that in America, political authority falls under both national and state governments. This division of political authority between the two entities is called federalism. The delegates at the Constitutional Convention were in agreement that some degree of federalism was necessary; however, the amount of federalism that was to be written into the Constitution was rather controversial. After the constitutional Convention, two views of federalism arose. One view of a strong federal government was advocated for by Alexander Hamilton. He believed the national government powers should be largely…show more content…
Bose, Dilulio, and Wilson (2013), assert that two things keep police, schools, and land use controls in the hands of state and local governments. These two things are popular beliefs and a Congress geared to local interests and concerns. Congress, by acting in accordance with these popular beliefs, have empowered local and state governments to legislate over matters of police and schools. Although popular belief is that schools should be controlled by local and state governments, the federal government has molded schools by their interpretation of the Constitution. The courts ordered school desegregation. In certain instances, federal judges oversaw the implementation of desegregation down to the level of directing school policies, locations of where schools were to be built, what supplies schools would purchase, and who would be hired by the schools (Bose, Dilulio, and Wilson, 2013). Mandates is another factor illustrating how the relationship between the states and the federal government influence the creation of policies. Mandates are defined by Bose, Dilulio, and Wilson (2013), as federal laws or court rulings requiring states and cities to take certain actions whether or not they receive federal aid. Conditions of aid are defined by Bose, Dilulio, and Wilson (2013), as federal rules that are attached to grants that states receive. The states must agree to follow these rules in order to receive the grants. According
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