Throughout this course, we learned that women’s studies originated as a concern at the time that “women and men noticed the absence, misrepresentation, and trivialization of women [in addition to] the ways women were systematically excluded from many positions of power and authority” (Shaw, Lee 1). In the past, men had more privileges than women. Women have battled for centuries against certain patterns of inadequacy that all women experience. Every culture and customs has divergent female
Throughout the ages women have been stricken with often male-made oppression in many forms on the long, difficult road to their eventual initiation into equal rights. Some aspects of women’s rights today were obtained by questionable means in the past. One such act of liberation by questionable means was the introduction of a class of women in the 1920s known as flappers. These flappers were the beginning of a new wave of sexually and intellectually liberated women. Women of this age wore short skirts and revealing clothing in addition to cutting their hair into bobs and smoking and drinking publicly. These women were also outspoken in many areas,
The NYRF protest critiqued both the representation side of the behavioral expectation of “traditional women” as well as the structural side of the obstacles that women faced within social institutions such as labor and educational opportunities. With the representative side “traditional women” promoted by the Miss American Pageant, it reinforced women’s submissive and sexist inferiority and racial beauty criteria within the structural side to be approval by men. However, there was intersectionality in the structural obstacles and representation side extending the social discrimination based on
A wide variety of women participated in the event. “… titled women, university women, artists,
In Marked Women, Unmarked Men, Deborah Tannen discusses the nature of marked women and its consequences. Tannen, a female writer, points out the “marked” aspects of women by first giving an example of three differently clothed women, named No. 1 through 3, in a meeting. She allows readers to visualize the distinct difference between men and women’s appearance. Then she shifts to explaining in depth about the definition of “marked” and how it appears on the daily lives of women. She spends most of her article discussing the conference meeting example and the definition of “marked”. Although Tannen indicates many contradictions surrounding the “marked” female aspects like clothing and surnames, she does not reach to a conclusion. Because the
It is easy to ridicule the idea of empowering femininity is because society already hold negative attitudes toward anything considered feminine. The poem “The Real Ones” by Jo Crayola cannot be too far off from reality when describing how society perceived a ‘real’ woman or mother should be and how she should conduct herself. A female can only be considered as feminine if she does not wear a tattoo, “grown a lap, and a husband and a hairless armpit”. It is imperative that the world should move beyond this stereotyping to dismiss and demean feminine gender expression, and to truly recognise women for who they are. Society has to understand that female
The Feminine Mystique is a first person narrative about the struggles of feminism. It highlights the problems of women in the 1950s to the 1960s and challenges gender roles. The book includes several first person interviews and discusses the Second Wave of feminism. It introduces the idea of the sexulization of women being used in consumerism and the lack of sexual education in school during the time. The Feminine Mystique is a useful resource because it is considered the groundbreaking book about feminism and lists issues that women have had to deal with from the 1960s until now. The book could be used to argue the struggles that women have faced and continue to face.
Gender roles have been a hotly debated topic in the most recent years, especially the role of women in society. Women have had set expectations that they are believed to conform to, which is shown in many pieces of film and literature. The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald describes the life of a man in the upper class in the 1920’s, as well as women in the 1920’s. The movie The Princess Bride, written by William Goldman, visually explains the treatment and expectations of women, and especially focuses on the “damsel in distress” stereotype.. Roxane Gay’s “Bad Feminist” explains the stereotypes against women and ways women can come together and fight these constraints. Based on these sources, societal expectations take away from each individual’s identity, forcing women to conform to society's standards. In order to fight against these expectations, women have banded together and formed movements against these standards.
To be a feminist is such a broad classification therefore it is divided into various subsections, in which Ruth Nicole associates herself with a group of feminism known as hip-hop feminism, in which I will thoroughly discuss within this essay. Ruth Nicole is a black woman that categorizes herself as a girl, by her definition a girl is far from independent. As well as a detailed discussion about the lived experiences of being and becoming in the body, which has been marked as youthful, Black, and female, along with the memories and representations of being female. As a result, Ruth Nicole wrote Black Girlhood Celebration in order to share her personal and political motivations of working with black girls within the community. A conversation
As she criticizes men’s behavior towards herself she describes the way in which she is meant to be treated as “helped into carriages, and lifted over ditches, and to have the best place everywhere.” But right after she proceed to describe the way in which she is truly treated; “Nobody ever helps me into carriages, or over mud-puddles, or gives me the best place!” By directly showing this contrast in behavior she evokes a strong sense of hypocrisy and therefore provoking a strong emotional feeling in her audience directing their thoughts towards the issue of gender inequality. This incites the members of the audience to re-evaluate the instances where they have been treated in such a way and therefore Sojourner incites them to
Since the dawn of American culture, women have been oppressed. Due to inequalities in the hierarchy of social power, women have been targeted for discrimination. However, women have not sat quietly and let the “man” dictate their lives. Through movement raised through women of all cultures, change has come to all American women. Racism, homophobia and classism created hardships for the American women who rebled through reproductive justice organizations, anarcho-syndicalism, and embracement of their sexual orientation. These helped efforts created the foundation that we live in today and continues to inspire and mold the environment .
Throughout this entire project I have gathered a lot of information on the Woman's Building of the Chicago World’s Fair. The time period of when this event took place had a huge influence over why the social changes were so accepted. Chicago, for instance, wanted better representation of their city and were willing to accept more modern ideas to be considered one of the elite. At the time Chicago was seen as a dirty city and unable to cultivate a fair of the architects dreams. If they could prove that Chicago was capable of such progress, than every other city could do the same. For women this meant an opportunity to demonstrate to people why their roles should be expanded from just the standard role of a housewife. The Woman’s Building was designed by women for women but also had an important role in changing the
The women’s liberation movement (or feminism as it is now known) of the 1960s and 1970s touched every home, business, and school (WA, 705). The movement even touched the sports and entertainment industries, in fact, “There are few areas of contemporary life untouched by feminism” (WA, 717). The word feminism in the early 1960’s wasn’t often used and when it was it was used with condescension or hatred. However, in the late sixties that changed thanks to a new group of women. This new diverse group of women included the: young, old, heterosexual, lesbians, working class, and even the privileged. This diverse group came together and collectively created the second wave of feminism.
Gender performativity is related to performance and shares elements with it, but it has no subject. She explains, “The action of gender requires a performance that is repeated. This repetition is at once a reenactment and reexperiencing of a set of meanings already socially established” (178). Performativity creates a fictional reality in which gender and its roles are determined according to a men/women binary distinction. According to her, the category of Women from which the feminist struggle arises is different from this political, hierarchical myth based on