What Is Humanistic Psychology?

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Literature Review Introduction – What is Humanistic Psychology? Humanistic Psychology arose in the 1950s; during this time psychologies such as psychoanalysis and behaviourism were the leading theories in the field of psychology. Abraham Maslow, an American psychologist believed that these theories lacked optimism and bypassed the appreciation of personal choice. With psychoanalysis focusing on “understanding the unconscious motivations that drive behaviour” and behaviourism focusing on “the conditioning process that produce behaviour” (Cherry, no date). Humanism took a more individual approach, dedicating itself to personal development and human potential; it trusts the fact that people are fundamentally born ‘good’ and that abnormalities in life’s ‘normal’ can cause mental and social difficulties. (Cherry, no date) Types of Humanistic Theories There are numerous theories within the humanistic approach that have massively impacted the counselling world. Person-Centred (also known as client-centred) therapy was established in the 1940s/1950s by the American psychologist Carl Rogers. Rogers believed in the strength and honour of human beings, trusting that people were inwardly resourceful to be able to deal with traumas, predicaments or struggles efficiently if ever they were affected by them. This belief in mankind is a central statute of Person-Centred counselling. (Hough, 1994) Person centred therapy adhere to three conditions: Unconditional positive regard – this is
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