What Is Isaiah 13: 9-11?

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In biblical interpretation one of the ultimate goals is to determine the application of a passage, or how the meaning of a scripture applies specifically to the reader’s life. Finding the application can be tricky, according to Abraham Kuruvilla , Research Professor of Pastoral Ministries, Dallas Theological Seminary, ”we must focus on what the author is doing in that specific text (its theology), in order to elicit a particular response from readers. Without catching this important intermediary, pericopal theology, valid application is impossible.” (Kuruvilla, 2016, pg. 264). Part of understand the application is figuring out what the author is trying to say about theology. In the case of Ephesians 2:1-7, understanding the specific levels of meaning and application is aided by using Isaiah 13:9-11. The information Isaiah 13:9-11 helps to full grasp the application of the Ephesians passage.
From looking at the outline of the book of Ephesians it is clear that the theme of letter is unity, specifically church unity. From the beginning of the book to the end Paul seeks to address the
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This is why Isaiah 13:9-11 helps to understand the meaning and significance of Ephesians 2:1-7. The harsh judgement the Jewish people avoided because they were God’s people, now, according to Paul, is meant for them as well. This highlights that the Jews need a savior just as much as the gentiles did, reminding them of the unity in Christ Jesus. According to Paul, all the members of the church in Ephesus were dead in their sins, deserving of the same wrath of God shown in Isaiah despite their commitment to the commandments. Yet Jesus saved them and they should act accordingly. The same applies to Christians today, regardless of how they stand in the Law, like many of the Jews did, they too were dead in their transgressions and are unified with

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