What Is Leadership And Who Makes A Great Leader? Us Academic Environments Define Leadership?

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What is leadership and who makes a great leader? US academic environments define leadership as “a process of social influence in which a person can enlist the aid and support of others in accomplishment of a common task” (Chemers, 1997). Studies of leadership have produced theories involving traits, situational interactions, functions, behavior, power, vision and values, charisma, and intelligence as important facets of leadership. Therefore, leadership is about being able to articulate ones vision, embodying values, and creating an environment in which things can be accomplished (Richards & Engle, 1986). As both an area of research and of practical skill it is important to understand how an individual or organization can successfully lead, guide, and empower other individuals, teams, or entire organizations. One model of leadership is that of servant leadership which explores the difference of leading with power vs. authority (Hunter, 1998). Unlike the traditional model of leadership, which in the past has lead with a vertical power structure as represented by the top-down pyramid, the servant style of leadership inverts the power triangle so that employees and customers are at the top and the CEO is at the bottom. This new structure forces those with the power to take on a new mindset. This new mindset is a shift from the traditional paradigm and requires that those in power recognize the role of the leader as not to rule over the ones below but rather to serve them
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