What Is Organizational Culture?

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What is organizational culture? “organizational culture refers to the beliefs and values that have existed in an organization for a long time, and to the beliefs of the staff and the foreseen value of their work that will influence their attitudes and behaviors” (Tsai, 2011, “Abstract,” para. 1). Yafang Tsai (2011) defines it as “the belief that can guide staff in knowing what to do and what not to do, including practices, values, and assumptions about their work (para. 6). It can even be defined as “glue holding an organization together” (as cited in Tsai, 2011, “Background,” para. 8). It is often considered as a precondition to teamwork (Korner, Wirtz, Bengel, & Goritz, 2015, “Organizational Culture,” para. 1). Teamwork is a major…show more content…
Culture is also maintained through a process called attraction- selection- attrition (ASA) (Principles of management, n.d.). In this process employees are first attracted to organizations where they have similarities with other employees or with the values of the organization. The next step is selection, where companies scrutinize potential employees for characteristics that abide with the current culture. Employers hire people who they feel will fit in with the culture. Sometimes this doesn’t work out and an employee is hired who does not fit in with the culture. This is when attrition takes place. Attrition is the “natural process where the candidates who do not fit in will leave the company” (principles of management). What is connection between organizational culture and organizational behavior? Organizational behavior studies the impact individuals, groups, and structures have on human behavior within organizations (boundless). While organizational culture is the shared values, beliefs, or perceptions held by employees within an organization (as cited in Korner et al., 2015). “Because organizational culture reflects the values, beliefs and behavioral norms that are used by employees in an organization to give meaning to the situations that they encounter, it can influence the attitudes and behavior of the staff” (Tsai, 2011, “Background,” para. 1). If all employees follow and agree with the organizational culture than there will not be any
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