What Is Religion In Human Evolution

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In his work Religion in Human Evolution published in 2011, Robert Bellah had returned to the topic of religious revolution since he firstly engaged with it in 1964. As compared with the paper 47 years ago, Religion in Human Evolution is characterized by its larger references both to historical works of each religious cultures and to theoretical ones including studies in evolutionary psychology. These references can be interpreted as made in and against two recent trends in the study of religions, that is, criticism toward the Western ethnocentrism, and application of naturalistic evolutionary theory to religion. Bellah introduces K. Jaspers' theory of axial ages and M. Donald's theory of cognitive and cultural evolution for distinguishing
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