What Is Restorative Justice

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B. Restorative Justice There is some conceptual ambiguity in the meaning of Restorative Justice in spite of the many definitions and studies done on the subject. Restorative Justice is defined as “an ethos with practical goals, among which to restore harm by including affected parties in a (direct or indirect) encounter and a process of understanding through voluntary and honest dialogue.” Restorative Justice is primarily concerned with the restoration of victims to life before the crime, restoration of the Offender to a law -abiding life, restoration of the damage caused by crime to the community and the creation of a better society in the present and the future. Restorative justice is not easily defined because it encompasses a variety of practices at different stages of the criminal process, including diversion from court prosecution, actions taken in parallel with court decisions and meetings between victims and offenders at any stage of the criminal process. One widely-accepted definition of restorative justice was put forward by Tony Marshall which was also adopted by the United Nations Working Party on Restorative Justice,…show more content…
He perceives crime as a “wound in human relationship” and an action that “creates an obligation to restore and repair it.” To make his understanding clear, Zehr contrasts his understanding of Restorative Justice with retributive justice and argues that retributive justice understands ‘crime’ as a “violation of the state, defined by lawbreaking and guilt, justice determines blame and administers pain in a context between the offender and the state directed by systematic rules” but restorative justice see things differently as “crime is fundamentally a violation of people and interpersonal
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