What Is Scientific Research Process?

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What is Scientific Research Process? There were so many researches that had been run, are running and going to run in the future. However, what is a research after all? Research means to search for knowledge, to make a systematic investigation or to establish novel facts (Trochim, 2006). According to Sekaran and Bougie (2010), research is defined as simply the process of finding solutions to a problem after a thorough study and analysis of the situational factors. The definition of research includes any gathering of data, information and facts for the advancement of knowledge in the broadest sense of the world (Shuttleworth, Martyn, 2008).
The main purpose for a research is to discover, interpret and develop the methods and systems for
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Turn your ideas into a research question
Every scientific research process starts off with formulating a research problem. Researchers will organize their research by defining the research problem and that helps to focus the research process so that conclusions could be drawn in reflecting the real world in the best possible way (Experiment Resource, 2008). The scientific research process starts when you ask a question about something that you observe with How, What, When, Who, Which, Why, or Where? It must be about something that you can measure, preferably with a number. Some questions might be asked to turn the idea into a research question such as: What is it that you are interested to study? Is it a problem? Is the problem researchable or do-able? What would be the benefits? Do the benefits outweigh the costs? Would there be any obstacles in studying the knowledge? (knowledge, data availability, time or resources).
2. Review the literature
Rather than starting from scratch in putting together a plan for answering your question and avoid from repeating mistakes from the past, library and Internet research could be used to find the best way to do things. A literature review is a step-to-step process as what mentioned by Sekaran and Bougie (2010). It comprised of published and unpublished work from secondary data sources related to the topic of interest, evaluation on this work in regards to the research problem as well as the
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