What Is The Critique Of The Bourgeois Revolution

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Analytical Literature Review
‘The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte’
Analysis - Historical Materialism.
Name – Anmol Sharma
PRN – 16060321017

The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte is a text written by Karl Marx about the French coup of 1851. During this revolution, Napoleon Bonaparte took over the state and assumed power. The following quote from the preface best describes Marx’s perspective on the text.
“I, on the contrary, demonstrate how the class struggle in France created circumstances and relationships that made it possible for a grotesque mediocrity to play a hero’s part.”
The purpose of this text is to analyse the social and political circumstance of the time through the viewpoint of Marx’s materialistic conception of history. · “The bourgeois monarchy of Louis Philippe can be followed only by a bourgeois
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The political housemaids refer to the political class that accepted the change and still did their business behind the curtain.
· “...it happens that "society is saved" as often as the circle of its ruling class is narrowed, as often as a more exclusive interest asserts itself over the general. Every demand for the simplest bourgeois financial reform, for the most ordinary liberalism, for the most commonplace republicanism, for the flattest democracy is forthwith punished as an "assault upon society" and is branded as "Socialism.” o Socialism was used as an object to blame as the revolution brought about some real changes. Financial reform, need for a Liberal Atmosphere etc. were some of the demands. This is due to the struggle between the Base and the Superstructure, and also within the superstructure - State Power vs Culture or the Norm.
· Bonaparte would like to appear as the patriarchal benefactor of all classes. But he cannot give to one without taking from
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