What Is The Four Primary Goals Of Psychology

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1. What is Psychology? Psychology is the science of mind and behavior and also the study of mind and behavior in relation to a particular field of knowledge or activity. (Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary) 2. What defines psychology as a field of study? Explain your answer. From the definition of psychology, it is both a study and a science which pertains to the mental and behavior processes of an individual or a group of individuals. (Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary) 3. What are psychology’s four primary goals? Explain your answer. The four primary goals of psychology are: Description is the “what”. Explanation is the “why”. Prediction is the “when”. And control is the “how”. 4. How did structuralism differ from functionalism, and who were the…show more content…
Why psychology is considered as a science, and what are the steps in using the scientific method? It is considered a science because it uses a scientific method just like other sciences do. The steps in using the scientific method are: (1) Question (2) Hypothesis (3) Test Hypothesis (4) Draw Conclusions (5) Report Results (Dockins, S. General Psychology) 9. How are naturalistic and laboratory settings used to describe behavior, and what are some of the disadvantages associated with these settings? Naturalistic settings use people or animals in their natural environment Advantages: Allows description of behavior as it occurs in real life; useful in the first stage of experiment. Disadvantages: No control; observation may be bias; weak cause and effect. Laboratory settings use sophisticated equipment for more control. Advantages: More control; sophisticated equipment. Disadvantages: Limited control; observation may be bias; weak cause and effect; behavior may differ. (Dockins, S. General Psychology) 10. What is correlational technique, and what does it tell researchers about relationships? It is to look for a consistent relationship between two variables. It tells researchers that it can’t be used in proving cause-and-effect relationships. (Dockins, S. General
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