What Is The History Of American Party Politics From The Great Depression Through The 1990s

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3. The History of American Party Politics from the Great Depression through the 1990s.
In the 18th century, when the debate over the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution was present, the United States formed the two political parties: the Federalist Party, which supported the national government and were dominant until 1800, and the rival Democratic-Republican Party, which supported state governments and were dominant after the 1800s. The two parties led to the creation of the parties, Republicans and Democrats, that continue to exist nowadays.
The Republican party dominated the election of 1920 and were in control of the Congress and House of Representative in 1929 when the stock market crashed following the Great Depression.
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However, while trying to change a wartime to a peaceful economy, millions of consumers were annoyed and tired “rationing and eager to spend their wartime savings.” The number of supplies was exceeded by the demand for consumer items, thereby, fueling inflation and creating a huge black market. Majority of bills proposed by President Truman were declined. For instance, creating new policies to the New Deal, national health insurance and atomic-energy legislation were not approved by Congress. His opponents, Republicans, created a slogan “To err is Truman” due to his failure in reestablishing peacetime conditions.
In 1952 Republican Dwight Eisenhower became the new president, and Republicans took back the White House in 1952. During his presidency, Eisenhower was able to manage the tensions between the Soviet Union and the U.S. during the Cold War, strengthened Social Security, expanded unemployment insurance, and the minimum wage. In 1961 the Democrat, John Kennedy, delivered Inaugural Address focusing on foreign policy. He promised to get the country move toward a new direction and reduce tensions with Communists avoiding the next World War. Kennedy created the New Frontier program that focused on improving medical health care, financial aid for students, Social Security benefits, and other anti-poverty measures. The president also focused on American women who faced discrimination in the workplace and the legal system creating the Equal Pay Act in 1963.

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