What Is The Point Of Exploration And Discovery? To Learn…

1903 WordsMar 20, 20178 Pages
What is the point of exploration and discovery? To learn… just because? The basic answer is for knowledge, but that’s not actually the end goal, is it? With the infinite amount of information scattered to the ends of the universe and so little time to dissect it all, we must carefully choose which thread we wish to follow; our limited memory and attention span forces us to choose what information we’ll remember. Knowledge is gained for application. Everyone seems open and encouraging towards the study of human genetics, but many are apprehensive to the application of theories, laws, principles and techniques built upon the curious across millennia. Do we disregard that work because we are afraid of the dreaded but harmlessly theoretical…show more content…
From Aristotle’s coining of the term epigenesis that inspired the name for modern epigenetics all the way to Watson and Crick’s model of DNA, humans have attempted to understand the fine details of how we enter the world, what we enter as, and what separates us from the next Joe. Genetic engineering—which may be described as interfering with natural selection and evolution—is not a new concept. Mankind has artificially selected for desirable traits in animals, such as dogs, for centuries. However, most people picture direct manipulation of DNA when they hear genetic engineering. The first use of genetic engineering was in 1973 by Stanley N. Cohen, who transformed an E. coli cell with a gene coding for antibiotic resistance (Cohen). Bacteria can easily take up foreign DNA, replicate it, express it, and share it with other organisms. This is particularly useful in the agricultural and pharmaceutical industries, as plants may be given beneficial traits like production of enzymes that break down pests and frost resistance while bacteria can be used to produce medicine. Production of insulin to treat diabetes first began in the 1980s using such biosynthetic technology, remaining today as one of the largest sources of clinical and commercial use insulin (Ahmad 235). Applications of genetic engineering in food supply are worth considering when discussing benefits and ethical

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