What Is The Relationship Between Iago And Roger

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Both, Iago from Othello and Roger from Lord of the Flies, are presented by Shakespeare and Golding as villains. However in my opinion, both Iago and Roger are also evil. A villain is a person who is responsible for trouble, harm or damage. Whereas to be evil is to be profoundly immoral and wicked. Shakespeare's Iago is an evil character, who performs his actions consciously and without reason. Shakespearean critic A. C. Bradley said that "evil has nowhere else been portrayed with such mastery as in the evil character of Iago." Golding characterises the evil he believes is within everyone, as Roger, whose actions are carried out without motive; emphasising the primary theme in Lord of the Flies, which is if humans are left without limitations…show more content…
Iago is first shown to be a manipulative villain and stays the same throughout the entire play. However, the extent to which he deceives other characters increases as the play progresses. Iago has been evil all along, although it surfaces gradually. In Act 1 Scene 1 of Othello his trickery only causes Roderigo to be cheated out of his money, while in Act 2 Scene 3, Iago's deception causes Roderigo to pick a fight with drunken Cassio, hence causing Cassio to lose his position as lieutenant. Moreover in Act 5 Scene 2, after he poisons Othello's mind with his carefully crafted words, Othello murders Desdemona as a result of Iago's manipulation. While Iago does not become more evil throughout the course of Othello, Roger clearly does. In other words, Roger goes from the "slight" and "furtive" choir boy he was at the beginning of Lord of the Flies, to descending into savagery at the end of the novel. The earliest you see Roger away from all of the choir boys is in chapter 4, when he walks out the forest with Maurice. Relieved of fire duty, they decide to come down for a swim. Roger kicks down the sandcastles Henry and some other littluns built, causing them only emotional pain. However, soon Henry is sitting alone in the sand, and from behind a tree Roger threw a stone, but he "threw to miss," showing how he was still…show more content…
Unlike Iago, Roger speaks very little and hence can only be judged by his actions. Roger is a sadist, an individual who likes hurting others. Roger's evil motives are dissimilar to Jack's, who pursues leadership and power, while Roger is evil merely because he likes hurting others. As Roger becomes more evil over the course of Lord of the flies, his actions become worse. This is evident when Roger and the hunters trap the sow, then Roger proceeds to thrust his spear in the anus of the sow "inch by inch," torturing the sow. Also, when they first track down the horde of pigs, all the hunters throw their spears at the chosen pig, except Roger. He hurls his spear at a piglet. The piglet symbolises innocence, as it is no good for the hunters, supplying them with very little meat, further highlighting Roger's desire to hurt other beings without purpose. Furthermore, Roger "sharpens his stick at both ends," in an attempt to make Ralph the next sacrificial victim of the island, signifying the animalistic and malicious way in which the events of the island have changed Roger's perception of what is socially acceptable. An Austrian neurologist, Sigmund Freud, known as the father of psychoanalysis, had a theory which states that the human mind is made of three segments, the id (contains all of a human's primitive needs and urges), the ego (expresses the human's desires in a socially acceptable way) and the superego (the internalized moral

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