What Is The Validity Of A Report

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Introduction This report will consider the claims of an article which have been based on a report by the Scottish Government and examine the validity of these claims. The report will provide a summary of the article, examine and critique the validity of these claims and then consider the reliability of the report itself. Summary Extract 1: The Moon (The Open University, 2017a) suggests that data from the Scottish Government report (2016) shows that crime rates are increasing in Scotland, with some places worse than others. The article claims that the Shetland Islands, Dumfries and Galloway, and Aberdeenshire have increased in crime rates from 2015 to 2016, whilst Edinburgh and Glasgow have become safer places to live, having decreased in…show more content…
However, this figure may have been exaggerated with the article using the term ‘double’ rather than the stated figure. Contrary to this claim, the report shows that crime rates have decreased by 22% over the last 10 years. It is also important to consider the recorded crimes per population; chart 5 (p.15, Scottish Government, 2016) shows that the Shetland Islands have one of the lowest numbers of recorded crimes to 10,000 population in Scotland, with 264 crimes recorded per 10,000 population. The article has not represented the overall data in relation to the Shetland Islands, instead focusing on the data demonstrating an increase in crime rates to claim that this area has become a crime hotspot. The article (Extract 1: The Moon, The Open University, 2017a) also claims that Dumfries and Galloway, and Aberdeenshire have become crime hotspots, showing an increase in crime rates between 2015 and 2016, 19% and 10% respectively. Conversely, the article claims that Edinburgh and Glasgow have become safer places to live, showing a decrease in crime rates, 11% and 9% respectively. The article has based these claims on data in Chart 3 (p. 13, Scottish Government, 2016) in the report, which accurately represents these figures. To examine the validity of these claims, it is important to consider Chart 5 (p. 15, Scottish Government, 2016), showing recorded crimes per 10,000 population in each
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