What Is the Distinction Between Management and Administration

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Distinction of administration and management Management (BS201) Simplex @2012 2012 UNIVERSITY OF ZIMBABWE STUDENT As an opening point in an attempt to distinguish administration and management, administration has been defined by Theo Haimann as the overall determination of policies, setting of major objectives, the identification of general purposes and laying down of broad programmes and projects. Management has been defined as the process of planning organising directing and controlling to accomplish organisational objectives through the coordinated use of human and material resources. Administration and management can also be distinguished by the following aspects which include nature of work, types of functions scope,…show more content…
In the light of the above point therefore decisions made by administration are influenced by public opinion, government policies, and social factors among others whilst management decisions are influenced by values, opinions and beliefs of managers. Management and administration can also be distinguished by quickness in execution of work. “In the process of admin bureaucratic superiority and red tape are important to make sure decisions are worth executing whereas process of management is free from bureaucratic wrangles i.e. work performance can be achieved quickly” R K Singla 2006. However on the other hand some scholars have argued that there is no difference between management and administration. According to William Newman (1978) he defines administration as guidance, leadership and control of the efforts of the groups towards some common goals which cannot be substantially distinguished from definitions of management. For Simplex @2012 Page 4 example according to George R Terry (1968), he defines management as a distinct process consisting of planning, organising, actuating and controlling to determine and accomplish the objectives by the use of people and resources. McFarland (1974) has the view that administration and management are the same and the difference which exists between the two terms is insignificant in practice. He argued that: “In
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