What Two Characteristics Best Describe Leadership?

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Directions: Please answer each of the following questions and provide examples from the text, if applicable. Each response should be at least one paragraph in length and be written in complete sentences.

1. What two characteristics best describe leadership?
Two characteristics that are closely associated with being an effective leader are one’s ability to exert influence over others and the ability to help others in achieving a group or organizational goal.
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2. Distinguish between formal and informal leaders.
All leaders have the ability to influence others, however it is how they obtain that ability that distinguishes between a formal and informal leader. An informal leader is a natural leader that derives his influence through
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These traits consist of intelligence, task-relevant knowledge, dominance, self- confidence, energy levels, tolerance, integrity and honesty, and emotional maturity. These are the traits that are associated with an effective leader. However, not every leader that has these traits is effective. Likewise, not every individual that projects these traits is a leader.
4. Describe the Ohio State University leadership study of the leader-behavior approach.
Ohio State University conducted a study that pioneered the leadership behavior approach. This method chooses to examine an individual’s behavior rather than his personal traits. This tactic argues that it is the leader’s daily decisions and behaviors that make him or her effective. In this study Ohio seeks to ascertain which behaviors are most effective for assisting individuals, groups and organizations obtain their respective goals.
In this study the researchers made a list of over 1,800 specific behaviors thought to make an effective leader. Using a scale to measure the effectiveness of these behaviors on thousands of employees, researchers investigated their effects on the employees. Their research yielded two prominent behaviors, consideration and initiating structure. These results have been duplicated multiple times.
Consideration elicits leaders to trust, respect, and value a good relationship with his or her subordinates. Initiating structure is a behavior that develops
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