During the years between 1920 and 1960, America saw change in many aspects of life. The United States was a part of two major wars and a crash of the banking system that crippled the economy greater than ever seen in this country’s history. Also the country had new insecurities to tackle such as immigration and poor treatment of workers. These events led to the change of America lives socially, economically, and politically. The people of America changed their ideas of what the country’s place in the world should be. The issues challenging America led the country to change from isolation to war, depression to prosperity, and social change. The threats to American way of life, foreign and domestic, were the changing forces to the
During the Civil War, the president Lincoln promulgated the Emancipation Proclamation(Colling 5/22/17), this document helped the union win the Civil War.By the end of the war, the Thirteenth Amendment(Colling 5/22/17) of the Constitution was implemented. This amendment brought the freedom to the slave and it made Emancipation Proclamation permanent validity. The south returned to the union and started to reestablish. At first glance, the Reconstruction seemed all right and it fulfilled the promise of America. Nevertheless, a multitude of problems were still not addressed. Although the slave regained freedom again, but they can not integrate into society. In order to deal with this situation, the 14th Amendment and 15th Amendment(Colling 5/22/17) were implemented
The times known as the late 19th and early 20th century have changed America in many ways. Mostly, it changed the American identity economically, these events and conflicts made the U.S. economy unstable, because we were focusing more on politics and being patriotic. For example, the U.S. used to be an imperialistic country, but that changed. Also, the U.S. started dealing with many other countries for trading and economic uses.
President Lincoln's initial goal in the Civil War was to hold the nation together. And in this, the war and Reconstruction were a success. With the 13th Amendment, the federal government succeeded in banning slavery. With the 14th Amendment, they defined citizenship and protected all Americans under the law. Extended equal suffrage was given to all men regardless their race, color, or previous condition of servitude in the 15th Amendment. Federal low, such as the Freedman's Bureau and the Civil Rights Act, worked to give civil right to African Americans that allowed them to equally join the government, as well as society. They contributed their effort for equal rights and to establish facilities such as hospitals, schools, residences and railroads.
Following Lincoln's death (?), Radical Republicans took control of Congress and attempted to create a social and constitutional revolution. To do so, they amended the Constitution and imposed the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments. Although the purpose of these amendments was to create black equality, the South resisted acceptance of these changes so that this could not be possible. In turn, there really were not any social developments even though the constitution had been changed.
After the American Revolution, Americans, who were free of British control, started to reevaluate politics, the economy and society. After breaking away from what they thought was a corrupt and evil government, Americans changed how they wanted to govern their society, even though they ultimately reverted to a more centralized government similar to Britain. The uneducated masses, as viewed by the elite, didn’t experience a lot of change though the ideals from the
The North’s victory after four years of fighting in the Civil War in 1865 allowed the 13th amendment to pass, and eventually added the 14th and 15th amendment to the constitution. These abolished slavery and attempted to create equal rights among all people. The Reconstruction Act divided the South into separate military districts and formed governments based on male suffrage. The South and North had extremely different views on how to rebuild the South and how former slaves should be incorporated into the country as freed people. The process of the Reconstruction period of rebuilding the South proposed many new challenges. The efforts to ensure equal rights to the freedmen failed because of the acts that were passed to control the labor and
On January 31, 1865 the thirteenth amendment legally abolished slavery “Except as a punishment granted Congress the ‘power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation’” (TAY, Chap 15 Sec II). Towards the end of the year things were improving. Most of the states were favoring the amendment. Around four million blacks were free from slavery (TAY, Chap 15 Sec II). Lincoln ended setting the pace for millions of African Americans. Being in the Union was important for the African Americans to become unified so that way they would feel equal. There had been mobbed violence against blacks of the south that leaded to them wanting a better system. There needed to be a better method for southern states to be reinstated to the Union (TAY Chap 15 Sec II). Soon after, came the Civil Rights Act of 1866. This act essentially said that all American born warranted all the rights that everyone else got. The Fourteenth Amendment went right along with the Civil Rights Act. The fourteenth amendment really was an enforcer for authority. So all the work that Lincoln was trying to accomplish was soon enough going to be shot down. President Johnson opposed both the
This Paper will examine the Impact of the 14th and 15th Amendment in America. These Amendments were known as reconstruction amendments, including the 13th amendment in the Unites States. Both amendments took a big role in America, and its people. This paper will also show the people that helped take these amendments into place and also the changes.
The trail to the Thirteenth Amendment is covered in the bloodshed caused by the ideological split between the Northern and Southern American states. Because of the South’s plantation-based economy, longstanding European traditions of chattel slavery had a stronger grip on farmers seeking to increase the profit margin of their harvests. With the growth of abolitionist agitation and the election of Abraham Lincoln, the Southern states seceded from the union and thus the Civil War began, and with it the stronger push for African-American rights. Upon the war’s conclusion, Lincoln, persuaded further by African-American participation in the war, put an emphasis on ending slavery that led to the Thirteenth Amendment.
It also allowed black men to join the Union Army and Navy, “enabling the liberated to become liberators.” (The Emancipation Proclamation) The big change in slavery and the fight for equality did not come until the Thirteenth Amendment was passed by Congress on January 31, 1865 and ratified by the states on December 6, 1865. With this event, it was declared that “neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.” (13th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution) Although this Amendment did give slaves their freedom, it did not guarantee them the same rights nor the same treatment that other citizens of the United States had and took for granted. This was especially seen in the states that “enacted ‘black codes’ that were intended to limit the civil rights of the newly free slaves.” (Civil Rights) These “black codes” and the obvious difference in treatment were a large issue, and they were later addressed in the Constitution with the introduction of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendment. The Fourteenth Amendment was ratified on July 9, 1868 and it made large changes for black individuals. This Amendment “granted citizenship to ‘all persons born or naturalized in the United States,’ which included former slaves recently freed.” (14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution) It also “forbids states from denying
American reform movements will start to take place in the 1790’s to the 1860’s. Reform movements were established because they were striving to improve their developing society. Since America was getting immense the population was starting to expand, and things like religious and social reforms will occur. Many ideas were starting to rise up so that led to conflicts which led to an Age of Reform, were things like abolition to women's rights will change moderately. These movements will result in the nation's self-determination and the interest of fixing the society.
These elements are Lincoln, the 13th Amendment, and the slaves themselves. The first is Abraham Lincoln, he is instrumental in freeing the slaves as he recognized the need to end slavery. This is important because it set in motion for the eventual abolition of slavery. Without Lincoln, the 13th Amendment that ended slavery might not have happened. This amendment is important as it states in the Constitution that slavery is no longer permitted in the Union. Besides the 13th amendment, Lincoln also agreed to have slaves declared as contraband in order to free them. This act gave the slaves the strength and courage to run away and rebel. The reason for this is the slaves knew they Union army would support them and not sentence them back into slavery but allow them to aid the Union
America became a society of democracy and abandoned the principles of hereditary rule and fixed status.
The conclusion of the Civil War in favor of the north was supposed to mean an end to slavery and equal rights for the former slaves. Although laws and amendments were passed to uphold this assumption, the United States Government fell short. The thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth amendments were proposed and passed within five years of the Civil War’s conclusion. These amendments were to create equality throughout the United States, especially in the south where slavery had been most abundant. Making equality a realization would not be an easy task. This is because many problems were not perceived before and during the war. The reunification of the country would prove to be harder than expected, and entry into a new lifestyle would be