There were also many problems in Russia after they had an Industrial Revolution. Russia had many government problems. The Russian government was a type of government that did not listen to the people. The government did as it pleased without consent from the people. The people had no say in the governing process as in the United States. Due to this there were poor working and living conditions, overpopulation, poor sanitation, not many jobs and many people were starving. The majority of the people in Russia (about ninety percent) were poor and only about ten percent were rich and they controlled the nation. This meant the majority of the nation was not being listened to.
The actions of the Czar were clearly not in the best interest of his country or himself for that matter. The decisions he made clearly appeased his ego and were not made by a man who was experienced in leading a nation through a time of transition. His inability to help in Russian military development by allowing those who understood what needed to be fixed and what plans needed to be made are what eventually led to Russian ineffectiveness in the war and his own downfall.
The Russian Revolution began in 1917 and lasted until late 1930’s, the revolution was very brutal with total death of 3 million people and 7 million people were arrested (Document 12). The revolution broke out when Nicholas II comes to power because Bloody Sunday leads to Duma, then he steps down and the Duma sets up a provisional government thus sparking the want for domination and the revolution kicks off (Book). By the end of the revolution Russia was definitely weakened in some aspects but strengthened as a nation. Therefore, the Russian people were better off after the Russian Revolution because they benefited from a better economy, government, and living conditions.
Although it was the Tsar’s actions that lead to many riots and fuelled the fire for revolution, he made those decisions because of the Tsarina and her influence. She had no political knowledge but that didn’t stop her from getting involved, she was a firm believer that the Tsar deserved his autocratic power and it was the will of God that he was in the position he was in. This belief led her to encourage him to ignore many people who could have potentially helped preserve the autocratic system by helping the Tsar make sensible decisions regarding the situation at hand. The fact that the Tsarina assumed an active political role later on and would often let Rasputin to get involved was a major factor in bringing about the fall of the Romanovs. She was unpopular as it was, but by attempting to make such big decisions without the advice of the Duma, she was in fact destroying the autocratic system rather than saving it as she thought she was doing. Not only did she continue to encourage the Tsar to ignore all others, she often undermined his authority by overruling decisions made by him. By getting involved in the way she did, she only further increased her own popularity but was also starting to unintentionally take the Tsar down with
How accurate is it to say that the growth of reformist groups in the years from 1881 was the main cause of the 1905 revolution There were a number of reformist groups from 1881. Key examples of these were groups such as the Kadets, the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks. All three
NAME:PANAGIOTIS BOUROVILIS IB1 HISTORY HL DATE:27/02/2013 PAPER 3 ESSAY: CAUSES OF THE FEBRUARY REVOLUTION (1917) The February Revolution of
For many revolutions people may argue different reasons why that particular revolution was caused, but there often one that is the primary cause. The Russian Revolution began February 1917, many people in Russia lost faith in their government, especially since they had not done so well to begin with when they participated in World War I. Which resulted in a lot of expenses. Others may argue that since Tsar was an unproductive leader and because of the decisions he made when he was in power that influenced the Russian Revolution. Although Tsar’s weak leadership may have influenced the Russian Revolution, World War I was the main cause of the Russian Revolution because it destroyed the economy, which led to riots and many people
This downfall came due to the amount of soldier and horses being placed into the war leaving the peasants at home with a loss of man power to continue a, "standard of living"( Causes of the Russian Revolution 2). Due to the decrease in man power, and materials to use at the home front, prices increased and a hunger endemic began. With hunger increasing and inflation of prices continuing strikes began, which eventually stopped transportation. When the transportation stopped supplies and food did not get to the soldiers at war decreasing the amount of people who believed in the czar. The goal of the peasants of the Russian Revolution of 1917, was to gain a new leader and for their voices to be heard. In March 1917, a riot of peasants, and soldiers stormed the streets with the support of the Duma, a group of government officials, forcing Nicolas II out of power.
Russia's overthrows and shortage caused revolutionary upheaval and massive inflation, which led to deprived infrastructure. During World War I, Russian society naturally caused great dissatisfaction among the serfs. As the revolution wore on, numerous reform and Tsar Nicholas II, a ruler, tried to change Russia's social structure and government. Among the masses, there was discontentment with Russia's social system and living conditions. Laborers worked and lived in horrendous conditions, which played a crucial role in aggravating the condition of workers and peasants. As a result, peasants starved and Russia’s armies were overpowered on the battlefield because much of its terrain was occupied by enemies. Hence, Imperial Russia was a
Another reason for the fall of Tsarism in 1917 that was highlighted but not caused by the war is the fact that Russia was a difficult country to run. Russia's economy was backward compared to those of other Western countries, 4/5 of it's population were peasants, who were more often than not illiterate and lived in severe poverty. Although by 1917, improvements had been made to the
In Yekaterinburg Russia, Tsar Nicholas II and his family were executed on July 17 1918, bringing an end to the three-century-old Romanov dynasty. They were murdered by Bolshevik troops led by Yakov Yurovsky , the commandant of The House of Special Purpose. Following WWI, sever strain was placed on Russia's weak
The Russian Revolution is a widely studied and seemingly well understood time in modern, European history, boasting a vast wealth of texts and information from those of the likes of Robert Service, Simon Sebag Montefiore, Allan Bullock, Robert Conquest and Jonathan Reed, to name a few, but none is so widely sourced and so heavily relied upon than that of the account of Leon Trotsky, his book “History of the Russian Revolution” a somewhat firsthand account of the events leading up to the formation of the Soviet Union. There is no doubt that Trotsky’s book, among others, has played a pivotal role in shaping our understanding of the events of The Revolution; but have his personal predilections altered how he portrayed such paramount
On Spartacus-Educational.com, John Simkin states in his article,” In an attempt to increase their wages, industrial workers went on strike and in Petrograd people took to the street demanding food. On 11th February, 1917, a large crowd marched through the streets of Petrograd breaking shop windows and shouting anti-war slogans.” This quote paints the picture that because of the war, workers and angry civilians took to the streets and protested for various reasons. And he also goes on to say,”On 26th February Nicholas II ordered the Duma to close down. Members refused and they continued to meet and discuss what they should do. Michael Rodzianko, President of the Duma, sent a telegram to the Tsar suggesting that he appoint a new government led by someone who had the confidence of the people. When the Tsar did not reply, the Duma nominated a Provisional Government…” Michael created a new government in response to Nicholas trying to shut them down. The effect was the creation of the Soviet Union. On History.com the staff declares,”In 1920, the anti-Bolsheviks were defeated, and in 1922 the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was established.” Without the creation of the Soviet Union, there wouldn’t be the terror of Joseph Stalin or the Cold War. In the end, workers and citizens took to the streets and protested, Michael made a new
Betina Velasco Mr. Lira MWH, 6th period October 26, 2014 Causes of the Russian Revolution For three centuries before the revolution, life in Russia was not peaceful. It was cold, hard, and bitter instead. “The end of serfdom was a major event in Russia; yet it just wasn 't enough.”, in 1861. Serfdom, under feudalism, is the the status of peasants in which they are bound to a lord, or master, works on their land, and can be sold like property. Despite serfs being given ‘freedom’, Russia was mostly ruled by the czar and nobles. The average person was, and stayed, poor. Therefore, World War I was not the main cause of the Russian revolution. This outdated feudal class structure, inability to modernize, lack of peace, and czars’ inept leaderships lead to the Russian Revolution.
Through the 1800s and early 1900s, displeasement continued to grow as the Russian Czars resisted needed reforms for the people. Before the revolution came about, many russians were poor and many were starving. In 1900, Czar nicholas II ruled over the russian empire with absolute power. In 1904, Russia suffered very humiliating defeats in a war against Japan which lead to protest and calls to reform. After Bloody sunday, Nicholas II agreed to allow a Duma. In 1917, Czar Nicholas II was forced by the Russian people out of his throne. The people began to revolt because he wanted to continue