What Were the Effects of the Rifle? Essay

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The rifle was an extremely effective advancement in military history. The rifle has been used for centuries because of its effectiveness, shooting bullets straight and accurate because of the aerodynamics and physics of the spiral motion with the bullet. What makes the rifle a rifle and much better than a musket, is the fact that it has rifling throughout the barrel of the gun. Rifling is a system of spiral grooves in the surface of the bore of a gun causing a projectile when fired to rotate about its longer axis (Merriam-Webster). The rifle changed America by starting long range warfare, enforcing a new industry of American weaponry, and leading to the sniper rifle which now has many important uses such as protecting the white house.…show more content…
If your men have rifles and the enemies have muskets you already have an advantage and it is much easier to win the fight. One of the first guns ever used was the smooth bore musket. The smooth bore musket was just like the rifle except for the rifling in the barrel. It was less accurate and did not go as far as rifled guns. The first rifle was invented in Germany by a blacksmith named August Kotter in 1520. Although the rifle was invented in 1520 it was not used as heavily as in the Civil War. The rifle was used throughout the civil war as the main weapon of choice. Mostly Springfields and Einfields were used but the demand for rifles forced companies like Colt Firearms, Remington, Spencer, Sharps and other rifle companies into existence. Rifling not only changed an industry but it changed a whole style of fighting by forcing longer range tactics. Rifles contributed in the formation of long range warfare. General Grant once said of smoothbore muskets “you might fire at a man all day from a distance of 125 yards without him ever finding it out.” Unfortunately, most of the muskets in the Civil War were “rifle muskets”. A “rifle musket” barrel has spiral grooves extending through the barrel. This made the muskets more accurate, and extended their range up to about a half-mile. So, when a massed army charged an entrenched enemy they had virtually no chance. It wasn’t until fairly late in the war that the

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