Basmati is long grain rice with aroma. The name “Basmati” is derived from an Indian Language, Sanskrit and it means “fragrant” The fragrance is due to a mix of chemicals such as Zinc, Potassium and Boron (Salman -the south asian.com).
Basmati is grown in India and Pakistan. In India it is grown in the Himalayan foothills in the states of Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Uttarakhand and West Uttar Pradesh. Dehradun, the capital city of Uttarakhand grows some of the best varieties of Basmati from India.
Production of Basmati Rice in India is about 1% of total rice production in India as per the data obtained from website of Basmati Associates
Harvesting is done as soon as the grain matures. For some varieties it takes 25 to 30 days after flowering and for some varieties it takes about 35-40 days. The moisture content of paddy is usually 20% in harvesting and then is dried under a shade to bring it down to 14% before storing
Export of Basmati is about 10% of total rice export
Ownership and Management:
The Basmati Rice is grown by small farmers under the contract with multinational firms like Pepsi or with state government organizations like Punjab Agro Food Corporation (in state of Punjab, India) which has been set up as a nodal agency for contract farming and Punjab State Marketing Board and Markfed (Punjab State Cooperative Marketing Federation) for purchasing the produce and marketing within the country and to agencies for exports.. Cooperatives are