What is Epilepsy?

1160 Words Jan 31st, 2018 5 Pages
Seizures can occur in children and adults of any age. There are around 50 million people in the world who has the disorder. Individuals in developing countries are at a higher risk for developing the disorder. Seizures occur due to hyper-excitability and hyper-synchronization of neurons. Action potential transmits messages and it leads to depolarization. When neurons are uncontrollably depolarizes because of hyper-excitability due to too little inhibition, it cause a seizure. Seizures can last from a few seconds to a few minutes. As spontaneously they can develop is also as fast and spontaneous they can end. Individuals with epilepsy were and still are highly discriminated against. People used to believe individuals with the disorder were contagious and treated them horribly. They also thought people with the disorder were prone to violence. In present day, they unemployment rate of people with epilepsy are still high. It wasn’t until the Americans with Disabilities Act passed in 1990, where people with the disorder were a little less discriminated against. Epilepsy is one of the longest disorders that have been around. Dr. John Hughlings Jackson (1835-1911) was the first person to provide an acceptable classification of seizures to the medical community. Seizures can be classified as a generalized seizure or as a partial seizure. Generalized seizures involve both hemispheres of the brain. It can…

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