What is Ethanol? Essay

1228 Words 5 Pages
What do you think of when I say Chloroform? You would probably think of something along the lines of spies and television burglars. Chloroform has been overly dramatized as an incredible “knock-out” liquid that a drop on a cloth can instantly get somebody unconscious. This is simply not true though. Although chloroform is an anesthesia, it is very unpractical and isn’t very applicable to any of the stories that you hear. Chloroform used to be made to the need of doctors without anesthetics. The main way to produce chloroform is by adding bleaching powder, water, and ethanol. Ethanol has been used throughout history in a variety of ways. Every time you look at any alcoholic beverage, you are looking at a small amount of ethanol. Ethanol …show more content…
What do you think of when I say Chloroform? You would probably think of something along the lines of spies and television burglars. Chloroform has been overly dramatized as an incredible “knock-out” liquid that a drop on a cloth can instantly get somebody unconscious. This is simply not true though. Although chloroform is an anesthesia, it is very unpractical and isn’t very applicable to any of the stories that you hear. Chloroform used to be made to the need of doctors without anesthetics. The main way to produce chloroform is by adding bleaching powder, water, and ethanol. Ethanol has been used throughout history in a variety of ways. Every time you look at any alcoholic beverage, you are looking at a small amount of ethanol. Ethanol is what makes alcoholic beverages alcoholic. Rubbing alcohol is considered high concentrations of ethanol. Ethanol is also used as a fuel source in certain cars. Ethanol, written as C2H6O or CH3CH2OH, has a low melting point at -144oC and a boiling point at 78oC. Because of its’ low melting point, it can be used in thermometers below -40oC. The density is also 0.789 g/mL when it is at 20oC. The chemical production of ethanol is quite simple. Fermenting simple sugar using Zymase, an enzyme from yeast, produces ethanol and carbon dioxide. The chemical formula is quite simple and can be demonstrated by this: C6H12O6 → 2 CH3CH2OH + CO2. At this point in time, there are two ways to make ethanol naturally, wet milling and dry milling. Wet
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