Essay on What is Motivation?

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Motivation in the workplace is an important area for discussion and many theories as to what motivates people to do their jobs well have been formulated. This essay will discuss three different theories of motivation and work. Also produce a definition of motivation. First mention that you will define motivation then state that you will talk about different theories of motivation
To begin with, there are to aspects of motivation to look at the first of these is a definitions of motivation. Robbins (2002:155) defines motivation as “the process that account for an individual’s intensity, direction, and persistence of effort toward attaining a goal”. Moreover, Draft(2008)defines the motivation as “the arousal, direction, and persistence
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Maslow classify where he put the physiological, safety, love and belongingness in lower-order needs that achieved externally by other people whereas the higher-order needs include esteem and self-actualization need that satisfied internally.
The hierarchy of needs has advantages and disadvantages. The first of advantages on hierarchy of needs is easy to understand because it talks about normally things also it discuss necessary needs that all humans need it in every days. Secondary, hierarchy of needs is logical because all people cannot live without these five levels. In contrast, there is little evidence to provide hierarchical feature .what is the more, there is little evidence to propose that people are motivated to satisfy only one need level at a time except, in situations where there is disagreement between needs (Browne 2008).
It can be argued that this theory contains many of the needs of people in order to continue their normal lives because it classified the people’s needs to five layers that are physiological, safety, love and belongingness, esteem and self-actualization and all them very important to continuation the life of any person.

Moreover, there is another theory is theorist by Clayton Alderfer who rebuild hierarchy of needs and he called it ERG theory. According to Smith and Taylor (2007) Alderfer divided the basis needs into three groups, first group is existence that include the physiological and safety needs according to Maslow's theory,
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