What is Muscular Dystrophy? Essay

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According to the MediLexicon Medical Dictionary, muscular dystrophy is defined as a general term for a number of hereditary, progressive degenerative disorders affecting skeletal muscles, and often other organ systems (Staff). Basically what that means is that muscular dystrophy is a genetic disorder that is passed down that affects the skeletal muscles and other organs by slowly breaking them down. Since it is genetic, it is not contagious and you cannot catch it from someone who has it. MD weakens muscles over time, so children, teens, and adults who have the disease can gradually lose the ability to do the things most people take for granted, like walking or sitting up. Someone with MD might start having muscle problems as a baby or…show more content…
They might even need a ventilator to breathe over time as the muscles that control breathing get weaker and weaker. Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) is very similar to DMB in that it also just affects boys and shares some of the same symptoms like weakness and muscle breakdown but the symptoms are less intense and may start later in life. Sometimes the symptoms are not present until the age of ten or into adulthood. Those diagnosed with BMD can have all of the same symptoms as DMB but many people with this disease live long and active lives without the use of a wheelchair. Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD) is a rare form of muscular dystrophy. It is another one that only affects boys that appears from childhood to the early teen years and sometimes as late as the age of twenty five. It causes muscles weakness and wasting in the shoulders, upper arms, shins, and often causes problems with the joints becoming tighter. Life threatening heart problems are common and can also affect those who do not have this disease, but simply carry the genes for it. This is a slow progressing disease and often has slow progressing muscle weakness compared to other forms of muscular dystrophy. Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy is a form of the disease that affects both boys and girls equally and appears in the teenage years all the way into adulthood. It usually progresses slowly over time and within 20 years walking will become difficult or impossible, eventually a wheelchair
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