Essay about What is Terrorism, Who Conducts it, and The Intended Target

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In today’s world, terrorism is not an un-known word; terrorism can be tracked back to early recorded history. Nevertheless terrorism definition is universally hard to define (Brown, 2008).

Every individual’s definition of terrorism is different some describe it as a strategy and tactic. Another will describe it as sacred obligation, some will say it’s a justified stand against domination. Obviously, it depends on whose point of view is being represented (Brown, 2008).

However, Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT define terrorism as: The use of power or violence against individuals or property for the purpose of personal or political gain. Majority of terrorists use violence and threats to generate fear among
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A psychological terrorist act: An act that is systematically planned to cause psychological effect (Rourke, 2008). This sort of terrorism act is simply towards a targeted audience rather then an actual target its indented for ( Country leaders). The terrorists target unsuspecting audience which could be the population as a whole, or social minorities (Rourke, 2008). Terrorist in the psychological act simply want to cause fear to mentally torment its target (Rourke, 2008).

A coercive terrorist act: An act that uses violence and destruction, it does not necessarily mean that the terrorists operation will lead to fatalities or destruction of a building or society (Rourke, 2008). The terrorist get their pleasure from the intent of the threat and violence. For example, a successful high jacking taking place may result in all hostages being released safely after dialogue and bargaining has taken place to reach a mutual understanding (Rourke, 2008). When the threat of violence is not feasible, or the terrorists are unable to practice their force or violence effectively, the terrorism fails (Rourke, 2008).

A dynamic terrorist act: An act that terrorists use to demand change to bring a revolution or a form of political movement (Rourke, 2008). The world views terrorists as extremists whose only actions are to destroy; this statement is justified to a point. However, no one commits violence or terror just to keep things the way they are. This
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