What´s Deforestation?

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Deforestation is defined in the dictionary as the “removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land is converted to a non forest use.” Common examples of deforestation include turning forestland to farms, ranches, or for urban use such as malls and housing. Forests still cover about thirty percent of the world’s land area, but according to National Geographic, “swaths the size of Panama are lost each and every year.” The world’s rain forests could completely vanish in a hundred years at the current rate of deforestation. Money and the need to provide for one’s family are the main reasons why forests are cut down. The biggest driver of deforestation is agriculture. Farmers cut forests to provide more room for planting crops or grazing livestock. Additionally, logging operations cut many trees each year. However, not all deforestation is intentional, a combination of human and natural factors like wildfires and overgrazing cause deforestation. A professor at the University of Michigan states that forests are significant because, “Forests provide important products for human use and consumption, and they provide valuable ecosystem services.” Forests influence local climate and weather. For example, rain forests transport great quantities of water to the atmosphere from plant transpiration. Forests protect the top soil and hold important nutrients. Floods in the Amazon River have increased over recent years without any increase in rainfall, most likely due to
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