What´s Occupational Environment?

2392 WordsJun 22, 201810 Pages
1. Introduction According to Black (2014), the occupational environment can be difined as “the workplace surroundings that encompass the physical and social environment,”. The social environment can be seen as social relationships, immediate physical surroundings and cultural setting in which groups of people function and interact. It includes the industrial and occupational structure, the social and economic processes and labour markets among others. Social environments also include the social, historical and power relations that have become institutionalized over time. Social environments are dynamic and change over time as the result of both internal and external forces. ( Barnett & Casper, 2001). The work environment however, refers…show more content…
44). The government’s apartheid policies and the detention of black trade union activists were also repeatedly brought into the international firing line and it was met with massive international disinvestment and large-scale sanctions (Venter & Levy, 2013, p. 45). 1979 was considered the turning point for South Africa when the Wiehahn Commission was appointed who recommended the inclusion of black employees in the definition of an employee (according to the Labour relations Act). 4. Change in Labour Legislation Regarding South African Legislation, significant chances were seen especially in the labour environment. Since the demise of the apartheid we saw tremendous changes such Apartheid laws that discriminated against blacks, Asians, coloureds, woman and the disabled has now over a transformation period been replaced with laws such as BBE, Employment equity and Affirmative Action. Various laws such as recognising the black worker as an employee in the Labour Relations Act, etc. (As discussed above) has been implemented before 1994 already. However, we have continually seen changes in labour legislation after 1994 as well. The four principle Acts forming the bastions of South Africa’s labour legislative framework is the Labour Relations Act 66 of 1995, Basic Conditions of Employment Act 75 of 1997, the Employment Equity Act 55 of 1998 and Skills Development Act 97 of 1998 (Venter & Levy,
Open Document